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Annual Editions: Human Sexuality 05/06

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Dezember 2004

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

This twenty-ninth edition of Annual Editions: Human Sexuality gives you articles selected from the best of the public press. The articles relate to issues dealing with sexuality and society, sexual biology, reproduction, and interpersonal relationships. Additional support is provided by our student website, Dushkin Online (www.dushkin.com/online/).

Inhaltsverzeichnis

UNIT 1. Sexuality and Society


Part A. Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives


1. Women¿s Ideal Bodies Then and Now, Julia Savacool, Marie Claire, April 2004


The fascinating travelogue spans a century and includes cultures as varied as China, South Africa, Mongolia, Fiji, and Jamaica. What was considered attractive, sexy, desirable¿soft bellies, coco-cola bottle shapes, mampi-size (large boned), or compact statures¿has changed, and often to a westernized ideal.


2. Sex Around the World, Sharlene K. Johnson, More, December 2002/January 2003


Women from seven countries¿Italy, Egypt, Mexico, Sweden, India, Brazil, and Japan¿talk openly with seven foreign correspondents about sex, love, relationships, and their lives.


3. The Beauty Pageant Prevails, Esther Haynes, Jane, April 2004


Senior editor Haynes traveled to many poverty-ridden, struggling, crime-filled countries to learn about the paradoxical trend of beauty pageant contestants with guns. This article moves from Russia¿s "Miss Bureau of Prisons Pageant" to Columbia¿s hundreds of pageants year-round.


4. A Deadly Passage to India, Geoffrey Cowley, Newsweek, November 25, 2002


India is a country with a rapidly growing AIDS crisis¿40 million HIV positive Indians are predicted by the end of this decade. New governmental and grass roots efforts for sex education and safe-sex are targeting sex-workers and the general population.


5. AIDS: 20 Years of Terror, Bernard Otabil, West Africa (London), June 11-17, 2001


Twelve-year old Nkosi Johnson called for HIV-positive people to be treated as equals at the 13th Annual International AIDS Conference of 2000. By the 14th, in 2001, he was dead. This series of articles from a popular African magazine outlines the history, scope, and issues facing the continent and its people.


6. A Man of Words: A Man of Action, Dann Dulin, A & U (Art & Understanding), June 2002


The 1985 death of a fellow actor, then his brother¿s 1990 AIDS diagnosis, got Danny Glover involved. From there, Glover became a high-profile activist and the first goodwill ambassador for the United Nations Development Program, dividing his time between Africa and America to share his global vision for a sustainable world.


7. Slaves of the Brothel, Sebastian Junger, Vanity Fair, July 2002


In postwar Kosovo, 200,000 eastern European women a year, lured by promises of work, are forced into prostitution. Unfortunately, international efforts to prosecute those responsible for this 7¿12 billion dollars trafficking have been unsuccessful, so women like Niki, whom we meet in this article, live as terrified slaves.


8. Rock the Casbah, T. Z. Parsa, Details, June/July 2002


What is it like to be a kid in Iran? Well, you are the majority since 70 percent of Iran¿s 66 million people are under 30. Take this guided tour of the night-life options available to young Iranians despite the efforts of the police, mullahs, and basij (formal and volunteer religious enforcers) to stop them.


Part B. Changing Society/Changing Sexuality


9. The Princess Paradox, James Poniewozik, Time, April 5, 2004


In this review of the new blending of feminism and fantasy in today¿s fairy tale princess-meets-prince movies, there are signs of progress in the roles of women and equalitarian relationships.


10. The Manliness of Men, Harvey Mansfield, The American Enterprise, September 2003


This article focuses on the evolution of modern society and gender roles. The author discusses how men are ideally to act in a "manly" way.


11. The New Gender Wars, Sarah Blustain, Psychology Today, November/December 2000


Today, the war between the sexes pits primarily male researchers, who claim that evolution and biology account for gender differences in sexual and nurturing behaviors, against primarily female researchers, who claim that culture and socialization are reasons for the differences.


12. "The Uniform for Today is Belly Buttons", Gigi Guerra, Jane, August 2000


The number of members of the American Association of Nude Recreation¿nudists¿who are 18 to 34 years old has increased by 50 percent since 1994. Why? Answers to this and a range of other questions about nudism, including the answer to whether the men walk around with erections, are included in this article, which was written when the author spent a weekend at a nudist resort.


13. Hear Sensuality, Think Sex?, Jon Spayde, Utne Reader, November/December 2001


Although it has more than four letters, Jon Spayde asserts that sensuality has become a naughty word, because it has become a synonym for sex. Read how Americans¿ puritanism and business culture have combined to block our bodies¿ capacities for, and our comfort with, sensuous enjoyment.


UNIT 2. Sexual Biology, Behavior, and Orientation


Part A. The Body and Its Responses


14. The New Sex Scorecard, Hara Estroff Marano, Psychology Today, July/August 2003


It¿s called the new imperative to explore sex differences, but its goal is not to prove either gender superior. Rather, it seeks to promote health and fight diseases from depression to heart disease and Parkinson¿s to autism that mainfest differently in men and women.


15. The Hormone Conundrum, Amanda Spake, U.S. News & World Report, March 15, 2004


This article addresses hormone issues associated with females¿ sexual functioning and aging. Although readers will be more knowledgeable about research findings regarding risks and benefits, even the experts refer to the menopause (or andropause) maze.


Part B. Hygiene and Sexual Health Care


16. Sex, Drugs & Rock ¿n¿ Roll, Sue Woodman, My Generation, July/August 2001


The subtitle of this article, ¿The Damage Done: A Health Report,¿ refers to compilations of research about the effects of sexual behavior, substance use, and proximity to eardrum-popping music in the 1960s and 1970s by then, young adults, who are now middle-aged.


17. What Problem?, Gerald Weeks and Jeffrey Winters, Psychology Today, September/October 2002


Hypoactive Sexual Desire (HSD), a very low or lack of interest in sex, is the most common sexual condition in America with 25% of the population affected. This article identifies and explains both physical and psychological factors.


18. When Sex Hurts, Lisa Collier Cool, Good Housekeeping, March 2003


This straight-forward, fact filled article addresses a rarely talked about but often devastating problem for women and couples: painful intercourse. Citing medical research and experts, the seven most likely conditions associated with painful sex are explained along with how and where to get help and effective treatments.


Part C. Human Sexualities and Orientations


19. The Rise of the Gay Family, Dan Gilgoff, U.S. News & World Report, May 24, 2004


More than 160,000 families with two gay parents and roughly a quarter of a million children live in the U.S. As more of these families move into neighborhoods in nearly every part of the country, even in the Bible belt, they seem to be fitting in more smoothly than expected.


20. Why Are We Gay?, Mubarak Dahir, The Advocate, July 17, 2001


This in-depth look at the theories of sexual orientation is both informative and human. Although science knows far more about the complex combination of genetic, biological, and environmental factors involved, many researchers and others doubt science will ever be able to answer the question without sufficient attention to real people.


21. Dr. Sex, Robin Wilson, The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 20, 2003


J. Michael Bailey, chairman of the psychology department at Northwestern is called Dr. Sex by his students. His recent book, The Man Who Would be Queen: The Science of Gender Bending and Transexualism, has been called everything from profound, illuminating, the best book yet to lurid, bigoted, mean-spirited, and unsubstantiated story-telling.


UNIT 3. Interpersonal Relationships


Part A. Establishing Sexual Relationships


22. Great Expectations, Polly Shulman, Psychology Today, March/April 2004


The expectation that our partner should be our soulmate is, according to this article that combines the research and experience of many relationship experts, a recipe for disaster and unhappiness.


23. Looking for Ms. Potato Head, Shane Tritsch, Chicago, July 2002


Shane Tritsch describes himeself as one of a large number of men in their late 30s to early 40s who unintentionally remain bachelors. He cites the relationship-seeking style of the popular game: seeking a fantasy mate that we¿ve constructed from perfect but separate parts as the likely culprit.


24. How to Tell Your Potential Love About Your Chronic STD, Jeff Gardere, Sister 2 Sister, July 2002


This message from Dr. Jeff Gardere, a clinical psychologist who frequently appears on television news and talk shows, focuses on the kind of honesty and caring that can build a good relationship (or end one that wouldn¿t have had this potential).


25. The New Flirting Game, Deborah A. Lott, Psychology Today, January/February 1999


While it does not deny the biological foundations of flirting, this article does explore flirting¿s rational, purposeful, and culture-driven features. Readers will find intriguing and informative male versus female styles, aggressive versus submissive moves, and escalating versus de-escalating progressions, as well as gay and bisexual variations.


26. Passion Flowers, Diane McKinney-Whetstone, Shay Youngblood, Dream Hampton, Jeannine Amber, and Edwidge Danticat, Essence, May 2001


What is passion? Five women writers describe how passion has touched their lives using a fascinating range of images, words, metaphors, and experiences that will help readers connect with their own passion.


Part B. Responsible Quality Sexual Relationships


27. Save Your Relationship, Susan Johnson and Aviva Patz, Psychology Today, March/April
2003


EFT, Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy, is a short-term approach to marital counseling that focuses primarily on communication skills that appears to be doubling the percentages of couples who successfully rekindle their love over other popular approaches. Readers are given the nine principles of EFT with clear examples for their use.


28. How to Rediscover Desire, Michael Castleman, Good Housekeeping, June 2001


What is sex therapy and how can talking about something as personal as your sex life with a stranger help reconnect spouses? This informative and reassuring article explains what is involved and includes helpful advice on how to find a qualified therapist.


29. The Viagra Dialogues, Deborah Pike Olsen, Good Housekeeping, January 2003


Heralded as the long-awaited and best solution for ED, erectile dysfunction, ¿vitamin-D¿ or Viagra has been a blessing for some couples who say it has helped them recapture the intimacy they¿d lost. But the experts cited in this article warn that Viagra and two similar newer drugs, Cialis and Levitra, do not solve all intimacy problems.


30. The Secret Lives of Wives, Lorraine Ali and Lisa Miller, Newsweek, July 12, 2004


Called the new infidelity, marriage therapists now report that the gap betwen men and women who are unfaithful is narrowing. The article examines 3000 years of female adultery with a current-day focus on factors that appear to contribute to the rise¿at home, in the workplace, and on the internet.


UNIT 4. Reproduction


Part A. Fertility, Infertility, Contraception, and Abortion


31. Access Denied, Caroline Bollinger, Prevention, August 2004


Growing numbers of doctors and pharmacists across the country are refusing to prescribe or dispense birth control pills. This article discusses the anti-pill movement, its ties to the anti-abortion movement, stories of women denied access, and explains what is known¿and not known¿about the post-fertilization effect.


32. What¿s New in Contraception? Understanding the Options, Kristen Kennedy and Paul Insel, Healthline, April 2000


With 50 percent of all U.S. pregnancies unplanned and our teenage pregnancy rate among the highest for industrialized countries, we must assume that the current state of contraception options is less than ideal. This article explores current and future options with a frank discussion of the reasons for contraceptive nonuse and failure.


33. Barren, Deborah Derrickson Kossmann, Psychotherapy Networker, July/August 2002


This first-person account of the heartbreak of infertility covers the lovemaking-to-making-babies transition, miscarriages, medical treatments, struggles with choices and options, and the effects on both partners and their relationship. The ending is not a storybook one, but it is a realistic resolution.


34. Under the Radar, Karen Tumulty and Viveca Novak, Time, January 27, 2003


It¿s been just over 30 years since Roe v. Wade, but the controversy has not cooled at all. This article examines the issue including key decisions under the Bush administration, trends in abortion, anti-abortion activists¿ agendas, and pro-choice groups and campaigns in this generation after Roe.


35. Which Babies? Dilemmas of Genetic Testing, Shelley Burtt, Tikkun, Volume 16, Number 1


As the mother of a child with the kind of fetal abnormality that genetic testing can uncover, Shelley Burtt raises some unsettling questions about the assumption that the answer to the discovery of a defective fetus is abortion. As the science of reproduction advances, ethical dilemmas increase.


Part B. Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Parenthood


36. Sex Without Sex? Keeping Passion Alive, Marjorie Osterhout, ePregnancy, July 2004


Pregnant women (and their partners) vary in the interest and comfort with sex, and often over the span of the pregnancy. This practical and permission-giving article demonstrates how couples can stay connected despite physical and emotional obstacles to keep the passion through the pregnancy.


37. A Tale of Two Mothers, Cynthia Hanson, Ladies¿ Home Journal, May 2003


An estimated 20,000 babies have come into the world through surrogacy, where a woman carries to term another couple¿s child. This article tells the story of such a surrogate arrangement where one woman gave birth to a couple¿s three children and the two families remain friends.


UNIT 5. Sexuality Through the Lifecycle


Part A. Youth and Their Sexuality


38. The Sexual Revolution Hits Junior High, Kim Painter, USA Today, March 15¿17, 2002


Researchers in Washington, D.C., targeted seventh and eighth graders for a program to prevent early sexual activity, only to find out that they needed to retarget fifth graders since so many of the seventh graders were already having sex. Read why experts have pronounced today¿s world as rougher and sexier for our youth.


39. Choosing Virginity, Lorraine Ali and Julie Scelfo, Newsweek, December 9, 2002


Statistics from Centers for Disease Control show that 10 percent more teenagers report never having sex in 2001 than in 1991. In this article, teenagers themselves talk about the reasons and values associated with their plans to wait, how they carry-out this sometimes-difficult decision, and who supports them.


Part B. Sexuality in the Adult Years


40. Staying Up Late with Sue, Anne Matthews, AARP Bulletin, May 2004


Labeled a dirty old lady by some, the Julia Child of sex by others, this Canadian sex educator tells it like it is (or could be) on cable television stations for teens through octa-generations. Although some readers will blush and others will be shocked, all will learn something from this short article and intro to (not your) Granny Sue.


41. Sex in the ¿90s, Jeff Johnson, Jane, April 2003


The Senior Sex Tour introduces readers to septuagenarians¿men and women over 70 who definitely have not left sex behind. Reactions to this article will vary from surprise to shock to ¿atta-boy¿ and ¿atta-girl¿, but these frank Floridians will inform readers with their pointers and perspectives.


42. What Turns You On? (Hint: It¿s Not Work!), Carin Rubenstein, My Generation, July/August 2002


This summary of the findings of research on over 2,000 Americans before and 1,000 after the events of September 11 has interesting, sexy, and fun findings about boomers 45¿54 years old. Rather than midlife being a crisis, it appears that midlife is a great place to be.


UNIT 6. Old/New Sexual Concerns


Part A. Sexual Abuse and Harassment


43. Silent No More, Robin D. Stone, Essence, August 2001


Healing from sexual abuse can begin only if the victim has the courage to let the secret out. After this important step the natural childhood tendency¿often bolstered by the abuser¿of self-blame can be replaced with the healthy self-image and intimacy-potential of a survivor.


44. Crimes Against Nature, Rose Martelli, Ladies¿ Home Journal, March 2004


The author of this riveting article was abducted and sexually assaulted when she was 7 years-old. Now, 20 years later, her story is blended with a time-line and explanation of the progress already made and yet to be made to protect children.


45. New Hope for Sex Offender Treatment, Karen Kersting, Monitor On Psychology, July/August 2003


This summary and discussion of a new meta-analysis on the effectiveness of treatment of sex offenders shows, for the first time, a reduction in recidivism rates for those who are treated versus those who are not. However, public misconceptions about recidivism and risk and treatment disclosure issues present problems and challenges.


Part B. Legal and Ethical Issues Related to Sex


46. A Cruel Edge, Robert Jensen, Ms., Spring 2004


Jensen is a Univeristy of Texas journalism professor who has done research of ¿adult¿ videos for the past seven years. He asserts the connection between pornography and pain: the edge that sells is a vestige of the patriarchy of power and entreats men to be agents of change.


47. Pregnant? You¿re Fired!, Stephanie B. Goldberg, Ladies Home Journal, July 2000


Although several laws have been passed since 1978 that prohibit discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, complaints made to the governmental bodies involved have increased by 23 percent from 1992 to 1999. This article explains a woman¿s employment rights, makes helpful suggestions for negotiating maternity leaves, and includes information on resources.


Part C. Focus: Integrating the Erotic and the Spiritual


48. The Bible¿s Lost Stories, Barbara Kantrowitz and Anne Underwood, Newsweek, December 8, 2003


From evangelical protestant women to Future Church, a group of Catholic nuns¿a new generation of biblical scholars¿and a best-selling book¿The DaVinci Code¿are bringing the role of women in the scriptures to the forefront of religion and life. Although the debate is far from settled, some say it has helped to refuel faith for both genders.


49. Breaking the Silence, Mary Sykes Wylie, Psychotherapy Networker, July/August 2002


Opening with the thought-provoking story of a priest who had sexually abused a teenage boy but was willing to enter treatment and analyze his sexuality, this article raises questions about whether the training of priests increases their risk for offending. Several proposals for change are included.


50. The Mystery of Misogyny, Barbara Ehrenreich, Utne Reader, March/April 2002


Why do fundamentalists hate women? This question is addressed by examining the history and practices of the Taliban and Islamic fundamentalism, as well as Christian and Orthodox Jewish fundamentalist belief systems that espouse misogyny in today¿s world.


51. In Search of Erotic Intelligence, Esther Pearl, Utne Reader, September/October 2003


Pearl is a psychotherapist who grew up in Belgium and has lived in many other countries. Her global perspective confronts some American beliefs that contribute to boring sex. Read
ers will be challenged to reconsider the applicability of equalitarian ideals, directness, and domesticity in order to increase their erotic intelligence.


52. The Merry-Go-Round of Desire, Mark Matousek, Tricycle, Summer 2004


This interview with psychiatrist Mark Epstein, author of the ground-breaking new book Open to Desire, explores both western and traditional Buddhist perspectives that have considered lust or desire as dangerous. Buddhists support this view in an effort to integrate lust for life as a middle path for an enlightened life and healthy relationships.


EAN: 9780072917338
ISBN: 0072917334
Untertitel: 2005-2006. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: DUSHKIN PUB
Erscheinungsdatum: Dezember 2004
Seitenanzahl: 224 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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