Eat Your Genes: How Genetically Modified Food Is Entering Our Diet, Revised and Updated Edition

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April 2003



This book gives us the facts about how genetically engineered food is entering our diet. It looks at what they are, how they are produced, why they remain unlabeled, and how they arrive on our plates unannounced. This edition includes a new introduction and is updated throughout.


Introduction 1. A Brief History of Genetic Improvement in Agriculture - Artificial selection - The laws of inheritance - The Green Revolution - Plant breeding and genetic engineering - The scale of transgenic plant releases to the environment - Biotechnology: transgenic bacteria and fungi - Genetic modifications to animals and fish 2. What is Genetic Engineering? - DNA - Protein synthesis - Jumping genes - Enzymes: the genetic engineer's toolkit - Methods of gene transfer to crop plants - Viral vectors and gene regulation - Bacterial vectors: the Agrobacterium method - Gene guns - Gene silencing - Plant tissue culture - Marker genes - Gene libraries 3. Milking It: Increasing Yields and the Pharming of Proteins - Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin (rBST) - The pharming of transgenic animals - Dolly the sheep and animal cloning 4. Herbicide Resistant Crops - Advantages for weed control - Achieving herbicide resistance - Monsanto's Roundup ReadyTm crops - Environmental considerations 5. Insect Resistant Crops and a Modified Insect Baculovirus - Bacillus thuringiensis toxin - Ciba Geigys B.t. maize - Protease inhibitors and lectins - Pyramiding genes - Benefits for insect control - Resistance management - Baculovirus: engineering a quicker kill 6. Designer Food and Engineered Plants - Modifications for food processing and taste - Oilseed composition - Protein content - Viral resistance - Fungal resistance - Nematode resistance - Photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation - Tolerance to high salinity and other poor soil conditions - Tolerance to drought conditions - Tolerance to frost: ice minus bacteria and antifreeze proteins - Drugs and Vaccines - Engineering Cotton: Blue genes and plastic plants 7. Ecological Risks - Risk assessment - Risks posed by transgenic micro-organisms - Risks posed by virus resistant crops - Risk of Invasion and adverse effects on other organisms - The Risk of transgene spread 8. Risks to Human Health - Allergens - Antibiotic resistant micro-organisms 9. Some Ethical and Moral Issues - Ethically sensitive genes - Animal Welfare - Is DNA life? 10. The Lucrative Art of Patenting - Patenting plants - Species-wide patents - Inter-firm cooperation agreements - Gene licencing agreements - The decline of independent seed companies - The GATT and the MAIs: Free trade and global rights for multinationals - Intellectual property rights and genetic resources from the Third World 11. Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms and Food Products - The regulatory framework in the USA - The regulatory framework in the UK 12. Marketing Approval for Genetically Modified Foods in Europe - Decision making in the European Community - Monsanto's Roundup ReadyTm soybeans - Ciba Geigy's B.t. maize - A new wave of crops 13. The Consuming Question of Labelling - Lessons from irradiated food - The case against mandatory labelling: the food is no different - The case for mandatory labelling: the consumer's right to choose - Europe decides - Negative labelling and organic food 14. Impacts on the Third World - Transgenic crops and the world's hungry - Transgenic crops: chemical dependency or sustainable agriculture? - Economic Impacts 15. Prospects for Genetically Modified Food - Who benefits? - Perceived risks and benefits - The battle for hearts and minds


Dr. STEPHEN NOTTINGHAM is a biologist, writer and freelance consultant. He has researched in the UK and the USA and published extensively on the development of environmentally-friendly crop protection methods. He is also the author of Genescapes - The Ecology of Genetic Engineering (Zed Books, 2002).


'Full marks ...for as good an overview of the multiple problems that the new technology is spawning as one is likely to read all year.' Food Magazine, UK Food Commission 'Nottingham's book will serve as an informative primer for both general readers and students.' Library Journal, USA 'Nottingham offers essential information for those concerned about genetically modified foods.' Booklist, USA 'A rivetting read' Here's Health, Book of the Month 'Readable and easy for a lay person to understand...a devastating indictment of genetic engineering. I warmly recommend Eat Your Genes.' Permaculture Magazine 'An authoritative account of the progress and potential of genetic manipulation.' BBC Wildlife 'Refreshingly balanced treatment of genetic engineering of food products.' Choice, USA 'An easy and enjoyable read while still retaining a high level of accuracy in explaining the different issues.' Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter, Italy ' excellent book for those who are interested in learning more about genetically modified food. My hope is that Nottingham's book will find a large audience. That many people engage in the vital questions raised by genetic modification of food is important. Nottingham provides us with themes of inquiry that will contribute to a fruitful debate.' Environmental Values, Vol 9:2, 2000
EAN: 9781842773475
ISBN: 184277347X
Untertitel: Updated. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: April 2003
Seitenanzahl: 256 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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