The Classic Vision: The Retreat from Extremity in Modern Literature

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November 1973



In an earlier book Professor Krieger discussed the tragic vision as the confrontation with extremity-the writer's commitment to a master metaphor even as he acknowledges the incompleteness of that metaphor. The term "classic" is used here to indicate "the sense of restraint, of acceptance, of coming to terms with limitations self-imposed-as well as the awareness of the alternative one rejects in turning away from self-indulgence." The writer is thus viewed as one who accepts the common use of language while he endeavors to defy it through metaphor, one who accepts classically the common lot of man whereas his tragic impulse would lead him to reject it. Professor Krieger begins with the Renaissance lyric, which for him represents both the last moment of union and the first moment of collision between the classic and tragic visions in literature. He then moves through poems, novels, and a play, ranging in time from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, and delineates four kinds of retreat from extremity. In the works of Pope and Samuel Johnson he finds retreat through the worship of bloodless abstractions.
The second form of retreat is the embrace of the natural human community, and the focus is on Wordsworth, George Eliot, Jane Austen, and Anthony Trollope. Through analyses of Sterne's Tristram Shandy, Robert Penn Warren's All the King's Men, and works by Swift, Professor Krieger demonstrates retreat through acceptance of the "human barnyard." The final form of retreat, through an alternative to sainthood, is shown in Faulkner's Light in August and T. S. Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral. In each case, Professor Krieger finds, by analyzing the pervading metaphor one is confronted with a counter-metaphor that mysteriously asserts itself: "The metaphors may have been unmetaphored, but they remain forms of imagination that constitute a reality, though it is now seen as imperfect. As such forms, the metaphors sustain us still. And that is perhaps the most classic notion of all."


Literary theorists will enjoy the well-argued aesthetic principle; but general readers will particularly benefit from the lengthy analyses of poems by Pope, Johnson, and Woodsworth and of such fiction and drama as Adam Bede, Gulliver's Travels, Tristram Shandy, and All the King's Men; and Light in August and Murder in the Cathedral. Library Journal Krieger is one of the most discerning, seminal literary critics in this country, and each new volume of criticism has been awaited by serious students of the subject. But none more than this... Krieger turns his attention to a 'retreat from extremity,' to the self-imposed restraints and discipline enabling the writer to accept the human condition instead of rejecting it... Krieger's introductory essays brilliantly set his thesis into proper perspective... A major work of criticism. Choice
EAN: 9780801815515
ISBN: 0801815517
Untertitel: Empfohlen ab 22 Jahre. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: November 1973
Seitenanzahl: 396 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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