Nazi Saboteurs on Trial: A Military Tribunal and American Law
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BeschreibungThe 9/11 attacks were not the first operations by foreign terrorists on American soil. In 1942, during World War II, eight Germans landed on our shores bent on sabotage. Caught before they could carry out their missions, under FDR's presidential proclamation they were hauled before a secret military tribunal and found guilty. After the Supreme Court's emergency session upheld the tribunal's authority, six of the men were executed. Louis Fisher chronicles the capture, trial and punishment of the Nazi saboteurs in order to examine the extent to which procedural rights are suspended in time of war. One of America's leading constitutional scholars. Fisher analyzes the political, legal, and administrative context of the Supreme Court decision "Ex parte Quirin (1942), reconstructing a rush to judgement that has striking relevance to current events. Fisher contends that the German's constitutional right to a civil trial was hijacked by an ill-conceived concentration of power within the presidency, overriding essential checks from the Supreme Court, Congress, and the office of the Judge Advocate General. He reveals that the trials were conducted in secret not to preserve national security but rather to shield the government's chief investigators and sentencing decisions from public scrutiny and criticism. Thus, the FBI's bogus claim to have nabbed the saboteurs entirely on their own was allowed to stand, while the saboterus' death sentences were initially kept hidden from public view. Fisher also takes issue with the Bush administration's mistaken citing of "Exparte Quirin as an "apt precedent" for trying suspected al Qaeda terrorists. Concisely designed for students and general readers, thisnewly abridged and updated edition provides a cautionary tale as our nation struggles to balance individual rights and national security, as seen most clearly in the recent Supreme Court decisions relating to Yaser Esam Hamdi, Jose Padilla, and the "detainees" at Guantanamo.
Untertitel: And Updated. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: UNIV PR OF KANSAS
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 2005
Seitenanzahl: 196 Seiten