Air Pollution: Its Origin and Control
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BeschreibungA truly classic air pollution text, this book is suitable for a variety of engineers and scientists who wish to gain an introduction to the field of air pollution. Known for its detailed development and application of equations, the text emphasizes an understanding of the relationship between sources and control of air pollution, rather than being a simple "handbook" on the subject. The book presents information on four broad areas of interest in the air pollution field: the effects of pollutants on health and welfare; the laws and regulations that have been passed in efforts to improve air quality; the modeling of atmospheric dispersion of pollutants and the approaches to the control of emmisions (from both stationary and mobile sources).
The third edition of this text has been modified in a number of ways. New material has been added to bring the text up to date on the latest regulations including the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The latest standards for ambient air quality and emission have been included in this revision. The authors continue to expose students to both the quantitative and the qualitative aspects of air quality management and air pollution control with several new questions and problems, with SI units emphasized to a greater extent than in the previous edition. The internet is also introduced as a valuable source of additional information. A web page is maintained by the authors which provides links to sources of interest to both instructors and students.
Inhaltsverzeichnis1. Effects and Sources of Air Pollutants.
Introduction. Air Pollution. Episodes. General Nature of Air Pollution Problems. Definition and General Listing of Air Pollutants. Particulate Matter. Carbon Monoxide. Sulfur Oxides. Effects of Hydrocarbons, Oxides of Nitrogen, Photo Chemical Oxidants, Lead and other metals. Sources of Air Pollutants. Global Issues Related to Air Pollution. Air Pollution and Internet Resources.
2. Federal Legislation and Regulatory Trends.
Introduction. The History of Federally Enacted Laws. The Clean Air Amendments Act of 1970. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 and Prevention of Significant Deterioration. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Ambient Concentrations of Air Toxics
Introduction. Solar Radiation. Wind Circulation. Lapse Rate. Stability Conditions. Wind Velocity Profile. Maximum Mixing Depth. Wind Rose. Turbulence. General Characteristics of Stack Plumes.
4. Dispersion of Pollutants in the Atmosphere.
Introduction. The Eddy Diffusion Model. The Gaussian or Normal Distribution. The Gaussian Dispersion Model. Evaluation of the Standard Deviations. The Maximum Ground-Level In-Line Concentration. Calculations of the Effective Stack Height. Some Other Considerations Regarding. Gaseous Dispersion
5. Particulate Control.
Introduction. Distribution and Sources of. Particulate Matter. Particulate Collection Efficiency. Particulate Distribution. Terminal or Settling Velocity. Deposition of Particles from Stacks. Hood and Duct Design. Particulate Collection Mechanism. Particulate Control Equipment. Comparison of Particulate Control Equipment.
6. General Control of Gases and Vapors.
Introduction. Absorption. Combustion. Fundamentals of Chemical Kinetics. Formation and Control of Carbon Monoxide. Incineration of Afterburning. Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis in Afterburning Processes. Incineration of Waste.
7. Control of Sulfur Oxides and other Acid Gases.
Introduction. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Sulfur Oxide Formation. General Control Methods. Flue-Gas Desulfurization Processes.
8. Control of Oxides of Nitrogen from Stationary Sources.
Introduction. Sources and Concentrations of Nox. Thermodynamics of NO and NO2 Formation. Kinetics of Nitric Oxide Formation in Combustion Processes. NOx Formation from Fuel Nitrogen. Combustion Control Methods for Ox from Stationary Sources. Flue-Gas Control Methods for NOx
9. Atmospheric Photochemical Reaction.
Introduction. Thermodynamics of Photochemical Reactions. Monatomic Oxygen and Ozone Formation. Role of Oxides of Nitrogen in Photooxidation. Hydrocarbons in Atmospheric Photochemistry. Hydrocarbon Reactivity. Development of Control Strategies. Daily History of Pollutants in Photochemical Smog.
10. Mobile Sources.
Introduction. Status of Vehicle Usage and Emissions. Emission Standards for Automobiles. Gasoline. Origin of Exhaust Emissions from Gasoline Engines. Crankease and Evaporative Emissions. Emission Reduction using External Reactors. Future Directions of Emissions Controls on Gasoline Engines. Emission Reduction by Fuel Changes. Diesel Engine Emissions. Emission Models for Tailpipe and Evaporative Emissions.
PortraitWayne T. Davis is Professor and Program Coordinator of the Environmental Engineering Program in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. Dr. Davis has taught courses and conducted research in the areas of air quality management and air pollution control since 1974. Professor Davis received the Lyman A. Ripperton Award for Outstanding Educator in the field of air pollution control from the Air and Waste Management Association in 1990. He is a Qualified Environmental Professional (QEP), which is a certification issued by the Institute for Professional Environmental Practice. Dr. Davis is a Fellow of A&WMA, where he has served in a number of volunteer positions and was the co-editor of the revised Air Pollution Engineering Manual, a well-known reference book for those working in this field.
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: ADDISON WESLEY PUB CO INC
Erscheinungsdatum: November 1997
Seitenanzahl: 560 Seiten