HUDU

International Politics on the World Stage


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Dezember 2007

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

One of the leading texts on the IR market, John Rourke's International Politics on the World Stage provides a balanced and comprehensive study of international relations that combines theory, history, and current trends and events. The modern international system, a background history of how it evolved in its present form, as well as transformations that are shaping the 21st century are presented in a straightforward, accessible discussion, without undermining the complexity of world political issues. The text lives up to its reputation of including the latest events and developments of the world stage. Rourke discusses political theory, including contemporary approaches such as constructivism and postmodernism, in the opening chapter. He brings theoretical concepts to life with illustrative examples taken from major current world events, so students see how theory plays out in the real world.The text covers major issues of the twenty-first century, such as the structure of the modern state in the international system, globalization and the political economy, global security, the rise of intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, human rights, and the environment. These topics linked through the chapters in the text give students a grasp of the underlying patterns in world politics, so that they can interpret events they see on the evening news or on the Internet. As in previous editions, the text shows students how politics affects our everyday lives and emphasizes the importance of being politically aware, making informed decisions, and taking responsible action.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

<h2> Part I. Studying World Politics<h3> Chapter 1. Thinking and Caring about World Politics <h4> Previewing the Global Drama<h5> Global Actors: Meet the Cast <h4> The Importance of World Politics to Each of Us<h5> World Politics and Your Finances <h5> World Politics and Your Living Space <h5> World Politics and Your Life<h5> You Can Make a Difference <h4> Thinking Theoretically: Putting Events in Context <h5> Realist Theory <h5> Liberal Theory<h5> Postmodernist, Feminist, and Economic Theories<h5> Constructivist Theory<h5> Assessing Theories<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Boxes: Debate the Policy Script: Applying Theory to Policy<h4> Get Involved: Connect With a Student-Oriented Political/Civic Organisation<h3> Chapter 2. The Evolution of World Politics <h4> The Evolving World System: Early Development<h5> Ancient Greece and Rome<h5> After the Fall of Rome, A.D. 476 to 1700<h5> The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries<h4> The Evolving World System: The Twentieth Century<h5> The Eclipse of the Multipolar System<h5> The Cold War and the Bipolar System<h4> The Twenty-First Century: The Genesis of a New System<h5> The Polar Power Structure in the Twenty-First Century<h5> Other Power Changes in the Twenty-First Century <h5> Global Economics in the Twenty-First Century<h5> Quality of Life in the Twenty-First Century<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Is Preemptive War Good Policy?<h3> Chapter 3. Levels of Analysis and Foreign Policy <h4> Individual-Level Analysis<h5> Humans as a Species<h5> Organizational Behavior<h5> Leaders and Their Individual Traits<h5> Policy as a Mix of Rational and Irrational Factors<h4> State-Level Analysis<h5> Making Foreign Policy: Type of Government, Situation, and Policy<h5> Making Foreign Policy: Political Culture<h5> Foreign Policy-Making Actors<h4> System-Level Analysis <h5> Structural Characteristics<h5> Power Relationships <h5> Economic Realities<h5> Norms<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Who Should Decide on War? <h2>Part II: Political Orientations on the World Stage<h3> Chapter 4. Nationalism: The Traditional Orientation<h4> Understanding Nations, Nationalism, and Nation-States<h5> Nations, Nationalism, and Nation-States Defined <h4> The Rise and Ascendancy of Nationalism<h5> Nationalism in Practice: Issues and Evaluation<h5> Nation-States: More Myth Than Reality <h5> Positive and Negative Aspects of Nationalism <h5> Self-Determination as a Goal <h4> Nationalism and the Future <h5> The Recent Past and Present of Nationalism <h5> The Future of Nationalism <h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box Debate the Policy Script: Should There Be a Limit to Self-Determination?<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box Debate the Policy Script: Should There Be a Limit to Self-Determination?<h3> Chapter 5. Globalism: The Alternative Orientation <h4> Globalism<h4> Globalisation<h5> Factors Accelerating Globalisation<h5> Globalisation of Transportation and Communications<h5> Economic Globalisation <h5> Cultural Globalisation <h5> Evaluating Globalisation<h4> Transnationalism<h5> Transnational Organisations <h5> Regional Transnationalism <h5> Cultural Transnationalism<h5> Transnational Religion <h5> Islam and the World <h5> Transnational Movements <h5> The Future of Transnationalism<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Get Involved: Join an NGO<h2>Part III: Organisational Structures of the Actors<h3> Chapter 6. National States: The Traditional Structure <h4> The Nature and Purpose of the State<h5> The State Defined<h5> Purposes of the State <h4> How States Are Governed<h5> Authoritarian Government<h5> Democratic Government<h4> The Future of Democracy <h5> The Possibility of Spreading Democracy<h4> States and the Future <h5> The State: Changing Status<h5> The State: The Indictment <h5> The State: The Defense <h5> The State: The Verdict <h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Get Involved: The Future of Tibet<h3> Chapter 7. Intergovernmental Organisation: Alternative Governance <h4> An Overview of Intergovernmental Organisations<h5> The Origins of IGOs<h5> The Growth of IGOs<h5> Roles that IGOs Play<h4> Global IGOs: Focus on the United Nations<h5> Membership and Voting<h5> Leadership<h5> Administration and Finance<h5> Activities of the UN and Other IGOs<h5> Evaluating Global IGOs <h4> Regional IGOs: Focus on the European Union<h5> The Origins and Evolution of the European Union<h5> Government of the European Union<h5> The Future of the EU<h5> Structure, Rules, and Related Issues<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Santa or Scrooge: The United States and the UN Budget<h2> Part IV: Approaches to Conduct on the World Stage<h3> Chapter 8. National Power and Statecraft: The Traditional Approach<h4> The Complex Nature of Power<h5> Characteristics of Power<h5> Measuring Power<h4> The Foundation of National Power<h5> The National Geography<h5> People<h5> Government<h5> National Infrastructure<h4> Military Power<h5> Measuring Military Power<h5> Military Power: Debating How Much<h4> Economic Power<h5> Financial Position<h5> Natural Resources<h5> Industrial Output<h5> Agricultural Output<h4> The Military Instrument<h5> Applying Force from Intimidation to Attack<h5> The Effectiveness of Force<h4> The Economic Instrument<h5> Economic Incentives<h5> Economic Sanctions<h4> The Diplomatic Instrument<h5> The Context of Diplomacy<h5> Diplomacy as a Communications Process<h5> Conducting Diplomacy<h4> The Informational Instrument<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Is Immigration a Solution to Demographic Graying?<h3> Chapter 9. International Law and Justice: An Alternative Approach <h4> Fundamentals of International Law and Justice<h5> The Primitive Nature of International Law<h5> The Growth of International Law<h5> The Practice of International Law<h5> The Fundamentals of International Justice<h4> The International Legal System<h5> The Philosophical Roots of Law<h5> How International Law Is Made<h5> Adherence to the Law<h5> Adjudication of the Law<h4> Applying International Law and Justice<h5> Law and Justice in a Multicultural World<h5> States, War, and International Law<h5> Applying International Law and Justice to Individuals<h5> The Pragmatic Application of Law and Justice<h5> The Future of International Law and Justice<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Would You Kill This Baby?<h2> Part V: Pursing Peace<h3> Chapter 10. National Security: The Traditional Road <h4> War and World Politics<h5> The Human Record<h5> The Causes of War: Three Levels of Analysis<h5> The Changing Nature of War<h5> Classifying Warfare<h4> Terrorism<h5> The Nature and Limits of Terrorism<h5> Sources of Terrorism<h5> The Record of Terrorism <h5> Terrorist Weapons and Tactics<h5> The Causes of Terrorism<h5> Combating Terrorism<h4> Unconventional Force<h5> Arms Transfers<h5> Special Operations<h4> Conventional Force<h5> Goals and Conduct of War<h5> Avoiding Unchecked Escalation<h4> Weapons of Mass Destruction<h5> Biological Weapons<h5> Chemical Weapons<h5> Nuclear Weapons<h5> Nuclear Deterrence and Strategy<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Should Women Serve in Combat?<h3> Chapter 11. International Security: The Alternative Road <h4> Thinking about Security<h5> A Tale of Insecurity<h5> Seeking Security<h4> Limited Self–Defense through Arms Control<h5> Methods of Achieving Arms Control<h5> The History of Arms Control<h5> The Barriers to Arms Control<h4> International Security Forces<h5> International Security Forces: Theory and Practice<h5> International Security and the Future<h4> Abolition of War<h5> Complete Disarmament<h5> Pacifism<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Boxes: Get Involved: Adopt a Minefield<h4> Debate the Policy Script: Is “Zero–Nukes” a Good Goal? <h2> Part VI: Pursuing Prosperity<h3> Chapter 12. National Economic Competition: The Traditional Road<h4> Theories of International Political Economy<h5> Economic Nationalism<h5> Economic Internationalism<h5> Economic Structuralism<h4> The World Economy: Globalisation and Interdependence<h5> Trade<h5> International Investment<h5> Monetary Relations<h4> The World Economy: Diverse Circumstances<h5> North–South Patterns<h5> Evaluating the North-South Gap<h4> National Economic Relations<h5> North–North Economic Relations<h5> North–South Economic Relations<h5> South–South Economic Relations<h5> Applied Economic Nationalism<h5> Using Economic Means to Achieve Economic Ends<h5> Using Economic Means to Achieve Political Ends<h4> The Future of Economic Nationalist Policy<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Sanctions on China?<h3> Chapter 13. International Economic Cooperation: The Alternative Road<h4> Economic Cooperation and Development: Background and Requirements<h5> IPE Theory and Cooperation<h5> The Origins of Economic Cooperation<h4> Development in the South<h5> Criteria for Economic Development<h5> Achieving Economic Development<h4> Economic Cooperation and Development: The Institutions<h5> The United Nationals and Economic Cooperation<h5> Trade Cooperation and Development: The WTO<h5> Monetary Cooperation in Support of Development: The IMF<h5> Development Cooperation: The World Bank Group<h5> Economic Cooperation and Development: EDC Institutions<h4> Regional and Bilateral Economic Cooperation and Development<h5> The Western Hemisphere<h5> Asia and the Pacific<h5> Other Regions<h5> Bilateral Trade Agreements<h4> Cooperation and Development: Debating the Future<h5> The Case for Economic Internationalism<h5> The Case for Economic Nationalism<h5> The Globalisation Debate in Perspective<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Economic Nationalism or Economic Internationalism?<h2> Part VII: Pursuing Human Rights and Environmental Viability<h 3> Chapter 14. Preserving and Enhancing Human Rights and Dignity <h4> The Nature of Human Rights<h5> Proscriptive and Prescriptive Human Rights<h5> Universal and Culture–Based Rights<h5> Individual and Community Rights<h4> Proscriptive Human Rights<h5> Human Rights: Problems and Progress<h5> Women's Rights<h5> Children's Rights<h5> Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Group Rights<h5> The Rights of Indigenous Peoples<h5> Refugee and Migrant Workers' Rights<h4> Prescriptive Human Rights<h5> Adequate Nutrition<h5> Adequate Health Standards<h5> Basic Education<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Support a Global Bill of Rights?<h3> Chapter 15. Preserving and Enhancing the Biosphere<h4> The Ecological State of the World<h4> Sustainable Development<h5> The Conundrum of Sustainable Development<h5> The Politics of Sustainable Development<h4> Sustainable Development: Population Problems and Progress<h5> Global Recognition of the Population Problem<h5> Approaches to Reducing the Birthrate<h5> The Impact of International Population Control Efforts<h4> Sustainable Development: Resource Problems and Progress<h5> Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Minerals<h5> Forests and Land<h5> Wildlife<h5> Freshwater <h5> The Seas and Fisheries<h4> Sustainable Development: The Environment<h5> Ground Quality<h5> Water Quality<h5> Air Quality<h5> The Ozone Layer<h5> Global Warming<h4> Chapter Summary<h4> Key Terms<h4> Box: Debate the Policy Script: Pay More at the Pump? <h3> Maps<h4> World Countries<h4> Dependence on Trade<h4> U.S.–Soviet Bipolarity<h4> The Colonisation and Decolonisation of Africa, 1878, 1914, 2005<h4> Common Colonial Experience of Non-Western Countries<h4> Flows of Oil<h4> The Expansion of NATO<h4> Global Distribution of Minority Groups<h4> 500 Years of Russian Expansion<h4> Kurdistan<h4> Israel<h4> Global Distribution of Minorities<h4> The Gender Gap: Inequalities in Education and Employment<h4> Countries with Muslim Majority Populations<h4> Sovereign States: Duration of Independence<h4> The Former Yugoslavia<h4> State Stability<h4> Political Systems <h4> International Court of Justice<h4> Countries that Are Party to the ICC Treaty<h4> International Conflicts since 1990<h4> The Spread of Nuclear Weapons<h4> Current UN Peacekeeping Missions<h4> Exports of Primary Products<h4> Index of Human Development<h4> Per Capita Water Availability<h4> Potential Global Temperature Change

Portrait

John T. Rourke, Ph.D., professor emeritus, is former head of the Department of Political Science at The University of Connecticut. He is author of International Politics on the World Stage, Eleventh Edition (McGraw-Hill, 2007); the author of Presidential Wars and American Democracy: Rally 'Round the Chief (Paragon House, 1993); a coauthor of Direct Democracy and International Politics: Deciding International Issues through Referendums (Lynn Rienner, 1992); the editor of Taking Sides: Clashing Views in World Politics, Twelfth Edition, expanded (McGraw-Hill, 2007) and You Decide: Current Debates in American Politics (Longman, 2005); the author of Making Foreign Policy: United States, Soviet Union, China (Brooks Cole, 1990), Congress and the Presidency in U.S. Foreign Policymaking (Westview, 1985), and numerous articles and papers. He continues to teach and especially enjoys introductory classes. His regard for the students has molded his approach to writing-he conveys scholarship in a language and within a frame of reference that undergraduates can appreciate. Rourke believes, as the theme of this book reflects, that politics affect us all and we can affect politics. Rourke practices what he propounds; his career long involved the university's internship program and advising one of its political clubs. Additionally, he has served as a staff member of Connecticut's legislature, and has been involved in political campaigns on the local, state, and national levels.
EAN: 9780073403885
ISBN: 0073403881
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: MCGRAW HILL BOOK CO
Erscheinungsdatum: Dezember 2007
Seitenanzahl: 530 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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