Philosophy and Contemporary Issues
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BeschreibungOne of the most successful volumes in its field over the last 20 years, "Philosophy and Contemporary Issues" introduces today's readers to philosophy with timely, approachable readings of philosophical significance. The authors strive to demonstrate how philosophy illuminates and helps solve some of the important problems facing contemporary man, and they encourage readers to engage in philosophizing themselves. This book successfully makes the subject interesting and intelligible for readers encountering philosophy for the first time. Essays address freedom and determinism, morality and society, state and society, and knowledge and science. For individuals interested in an accessible introduction to philosophy.
Inhaltsverzeichnis(NOTE: Each part begins with an Introduction and concludes with Suggestions for Further Reading.) GENERAL INTRODUCTION. 1. The Apology, Plato. I. FREEDOM AND DETERMINISM. 2. The Delusion of Free Will, Robert Blatchford. 3. A Brief Defense of Free Will, Tibor Machen. 4. The Problem of Free Will, W. T. Stace. 5. What Means This Freedom?, John Hospers. 6. An Address Delivered to the Prisoners in the Chicago County Jail, Clarence Darrow. 7. The Humanitarian Theory of Punishment, C. S. Lewis. 8. Luck Swallows Everything, Galen Strawson. 9. Fate, Richard Taylor. II. GOD AND RELIGION. 10. Seven Reasons Why a Scientist Believes in God, A. Cressy Morrison. 11. The Improbability of God, Richard Dawkins. 12. The Justification of Theism, Richard Swinburne. 13. Does God Exist? Reflections on Disbelief, Kai Neilsen. 14. God and the Problem of Evil, B. C. Johnson. 15. The Problem of Evil, John Hick. 16. The Ethics of Belief, W. K. Clifford. 17. The Will to Believe, William James. 18. My Confession, Leo Tolstoy. 19. Three Arguments for Nonbelief, Michael Martin. III. MORALITY AND SOCIETY. 20. Ethical Relativism, W.T. Stace. 21. The Morality Trap, Harry Browne. 22. Utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham. 23. The Deep Beauty of the Golden Rule, R. M. MacIver. 24. People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution, William F. Baxter. 25. Environmental Values, Peter Singer. 26. An Almost Absolute Value in History, John T. Noonan, Jr. 27. A Defense of Abortion, Judith Jarvis Thompson. 28. The Case for Torture, Michael Levin. 29. The Survival Lottery, John Harris. IV. STATE AND SOCIETY. 30. The Philosophical Presuppositions of Democracy, Sidney Hook. 31. Democratic Tyranny, Alexis de Tocqueville. 32. Man's Rights, Ayn Rand. 33. A Moral Case for Socialism, Kai Nielson. 34. The State, Murray W. Rothbard. 35. Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom: A Closer Look, Helen E. Longino. 36. Pornography, Jan Narveson. 37. Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping, Garrett Hardin. 38. Insiders and Outsiders, Peter Singer. 39. The Prisoner's Dilemma, Morton D. Davis. 40. Is It Rational to Be an Informed Voter? Anthony Downs. 41. Why a High Society is a Free Society, A.C. Graying. V. MIND AND BODY. 42. Materialism, Hugh Elliot. 43. The Mind as Distinct from the Body, C. E. M. Joad. 44. The Problem of Other Minds, John Hospers. 45. Brain Transplants and Personal Identity: A Dialogue, Derek Parfit and Godfrey Vesey. 46. Can a Machine Think? Christopher Evans. 47. Minds or Machines, John Beloff. 48. The Myth of the Soul, Clarence Darrow. 49. Parable of the Chinese Room, John Searle. VI. KNOWLEDGE AND SCIENCE. 50. Meditations I and II, Rene Descartes. 51. Empiricism, Friedrich Paulsen. 52. Scepticism, A.C. Grayling. 53. The Detective as Scientist, Irving M. Copi. 54. The Limits and the Value of Scientific Method, Morris R. Cohen and Ernest Nagel. 55. Can Science Prove That God Does Not Exist? Theodore Schick, Jr. 56. Science Cannot Prove That God Does Not Exist, Bobby Treat. 57. A Consumer's Guide to Pseudoscience, James S. Trefil. 58. Baloney Detection, Michael Schermer. 59. Time Travel: Possible or Impossible?, John Hospers. 60. The Problem of the Criterion, Sextus Empiricus. Epilogue. Glossary.
PortraitOne of the most successful texts in its field over the last 30 years, Philosophy and Contemporary Issues introduces today's students to philosophy with timely, approachable readings of philosophical significance. The authors strive to demonstrate how philosophy illuminates and helps solve some of the important problems facing contemporary man, and they encourage students to engage in philosophizing themselves. This book successfully makes the subject interesting and intelligible for students encountering philosophy for the first time. Features of the Ninth Edition: *Seventeen new readings-Incorporated throughout in sections devoted to philosophical issues, contemporary issues, and puzzles and problems. Includes selections from Richard Dawkins, Richard Swinburne, A.C. Grayling, Peter Singer and others. *One major philosophical problem covered in each section-Followed by contemporary issues stemming from that problem. *Articles selected for their readability. *Interesting pro and con articles on various contemporary issues. *Problems and Puzzles section. *The relation of traditional philosophical issues to key contemporary problems-An explanation of each issue is followed by a related reading and a Puzzles and Problems reading. *Challenges conventional thinking and presents opposing viewpoints-Covers topics such as the limitation of immigration, the existence of God, science and pseudo-science and the relation of mind and body. *End-of-section bibliographies-Lists books and articles that are accessible to undergraduates.
Untertitel: Revised. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: PRENTICE HALL
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 2003
Seitenanzahl: 544 Seiten