Guiding Change in Special Education: How to Help Schools with New Ideas and Practices

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November 2003



The book presents a seven-stage model of school change (and sustained change) designed specifically to help schools move to integrated and improved services for special education students. The primary audience is the `linking' agent - the administrator who is responsible for helping direct the school's efforts, be it the headteacher, the special education director, the staff development leader, or some other administrator within the school. Because the model is intended first for site trial, then district-wide reform, the audience expands to include other administrators and teachers that are involved in the process.


Foreword - Maurice McInerney
About the Authors
Case Study
Stage 1. Care: Establishing the Need for Action
Someone Must Care Enough to Make It All Worthwhile
A Three-Step Model of Change: Unfreeze-Move-Refreeze
How School Systems Show (and Don't Show) That They Are in Trouble
Inside Versus Outside Forces
Linking Agent as Connector and Orchestrator of Forces
Whose Responsibility? The Value Issues in Helping
Care: Summary
Stage 2. Relate: Building a Relationship
Build a Good Relationship With the People You Are Trying to Help
Diagram Your School or School District as a Social Network
Linker Configurations
How to Size Up Your Relationship
Final Word on Relationship Building
Relate: Summary
Stage 3. Examine: Understanding the Problem
Turn Cares Into Problems You Can Solve
Making a Good Diagnosis
The Data Collection Phase
The Analytic Phase
Making a Diagnostic Inventory
Systemic Analysis: Understanding the System
A Data Collection Process
A Set of Rating Dimensions
Creating a Diagnostic Matrix/Checklist That Points to Solutions
Integrating Diagnosis With the Other Stages
Examine: Summary
Stage 4. Acquire: Seeking and Finding Relevant Resources
The Money Theory of Change
The People Theory of Change
The Knowledge Theory of Change
Acquiring Materials (= Packaged Knowledge)
Acquire: Summary
Stage 5. Try: Moving From Knowledge to Action
Giving a Fair Trial to a Well-Considered Solution
Pretrial Feasibility Testing: Comparing and Selecting the Best
Plan the Implementation
What Is the Process?
How Can You Evaluate Process?
What Are the Outcomes?
Can You Measure Outcomes?
Cautions on Evaluation
Using the Results
Sharing With Your Team
Try: Summary
Stage 6. Extend: Gaining Deeper and Wider Acceptance
Issues About Adoption and Diffusion
Solidifying Adoption at the Trial Site (Keeping Going)
Expanding Change at the Trial Site
Extending the Trial to Proximate Sites (Follow-On Adoption)
Extending Adoption to the Larger System
Variations of the Adoption Curve
Going Wider: Strategies and Tactics (The Second Stage of Diffusion)
Extend: Summary
Stage 7. Renew: Encouraging Ongoing Change
How Do Systems Absorb Changes?
Improve the Process
Keep the Change Fresh
Create a Self-Renewal Capacity
From Item Change to System Change
Installing the Change Function
Terminating and Moving On
Renew: Summary
Summary and Synthesis


Ronald G. Havelock is an internationally recognized authority on knowledge utilization. As professor and research scientist at the University of Michigan and later American University in Washington, D.C., he has directed studies of knowledge use, technology transfer, and the planning of change in many fields. His 1969 book, Planning for Innovation through the Dissemination and Utilization of Knowledge, is widely regarded as a landmark work on that subject. Subsequent books include A Guide to Innovation in Education (1970), Training for Change Agents with Mary C. Havelock (1973), The Change Agent's Guide to Innovation (1973), 2nd Ed with S. Zlotolow (1995), Solving Educational Problems, The Theory and Reality of Innovation in Developing Countries, with A. Michael Huberman (1978). His broad range of work includes studies of research use in advanced technology, education, and medicine. During the 1990's he served as an advisor to the American Association for the Advancement of Science on their long-term project to improve science education. For the last five years he has designed training materials and provided strategic advice to the American Institutes of Research, Washington, D.C. on programs to assist schools nationwide in the adoption of new programs in special education. He is currently preparing a book on the nature of human progress, summarizing what he has learned over a 40 year career studying how scientific knowledge has evolved and how it has impacted society.

EAN: 9780761939658
ISBN: 0761939652
Untertitel: Empfohlen ab 0 Jahre. New. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2003
Seitenanzahl: 296 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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