Introduction to Semimicro Qualitative Analysis

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Oktober 2005



For courses in General Chemistry (Lecture and Laboratory) and Qualitative Inorganic Analysis.

This self-teaching lab manual presents a process for learning descriptive chemistry and the chemistry of the more common elements and their compounds in the format of a scheme of analysis. Students and challenged to call upon their manipulative and observational skills to provide the basis for identifying a substance or a mixture of substances. Part I describes the strategy of qualitative analysis so that students have a review of the principles readily available when they are engaged in the details of laboratory work; Part II presents the concepts involved in qualitative analysis, systematically dealing with the nature of the chemical compounds; Part III features well-tested analytical laboratory procedures.


CONTENTS Part I GENERAL STRATEGY 1 The Strategy of Qualitative Analysis Summary Part II CONCEPTS IN QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS 2 The Nature of Chemical Reactions Kinetics Chemical Equilibrium Thermodynamics Summary 3 The Nature of Chemical Compounds Physical Properties of Compounds Classification of Chemical compounds The Ionization of Water Acids and Bases 4 Solution Phenomena Concentration Units Solubility Equilibrium Processes Involving Sparingly Soluble Ionic Substances Colloidal dispersions 5 Complex Compounds Lewis Theory of Chemical Combinations Nomenclature Theoretical Considerations Stability of Complex Ions The Role of Complex Ions in Qualitative Analysis 6 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Part III THE PRACTICE OF QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS 7 The Practical Aspects of Qualitative Analysis The Periodic Table Chemical Reactions Equilibrium Considerations Formation of Precipitates Dissolving Precipitates Laboratory Safety 8 Laboratory Practices Summary of Laboratory Work Record of Laboratory Work and Laboratory Reports Laboratory Procedures 9 The Silver Group The Chemistry of the Silver Group Ions Precipitation and Analysis of the Silver Group Separation of Lead from Silver and Mercury (I) Separation and Detection of Silver and Mercury 10 The Copper-Arsenic Group The Chemistry of the Copper-Arsenic Group Ions Separation of the Copper Subgroup from the Arsenic Subgroup Separation of Mercury from Lead, Bismuth, Copper, and Cadmium Separation of Lead from Bismuth, Copper, and Cadmium Separation of Bismuth from Copper and Cadmium Detection of Copper and Cadmium Separation of Arsenic from Antimony and Tin 11 The Aluminum-Nickel Group The chemistry of the Aluminum-Nickel Group Ions Precipitation and Analysis of the Aluminum-Nickel Group Separation of the Aluminum Subgroup from the Nickel Subgroup Detection of Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, and Manganese 12 The Barium-Magnesium Group The Chemistry of the Barium-Magnesium Group Ions Detection of Ammonium Salts The Separation and Detection of Barium The Separation and Detection of Calcium Detection of Sodium and Potassium 13 The Analysis of Alloys 14 Analysis of Salts and Salt Mixtures Examination of the Solid Solubility of the Salt Reactions with Specific Reagents Preliminary Experiments Analysis of Unknown Salt Examination of the Solid Dissolution of the Solid Determine What Cations Are Present Treatment of the Unknown with Class Reagents Specific Tests for Anions 15 Recording and Reporting Analysis APPENDICES I Brief Review of Oxidation Numbers II Solution of Quadratic Equations III Reagents and Equipment Used Index of Procedures Index
EAN: 9780130462169
ISBN: 0130462160
Untertitel: Revised. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2005
Seitenanzahl: 312 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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