How to Build a Mind: Toward Machines with Imagination
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BeschreibungIgor Aleksander heads a major British team that has applied engineering principles to the understanding of the human brain and has built several pioneering machines, culminating in MAGNUS, which he calls a machine with imagination. When he asks it (in words) to produce an image of a banana that is blue with red spots, the image appears on the screen in seconds.
The idea of such an apparently imaginative, even conscious machine seems heretical and its advocates are often accused of sensationalism, arrogance, or philosophical ignorance. Part of the problem, according to Aleksander, is that consciousness remains ill-defined.
Interweaving anecdotes from his own life and research with imagined dialogues between historical figures -- including Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, Wittgenstein, Francis Crick, and Steven Pinker -- Aleksander leads readers toward an understanding of consciousness. He shows not only how the latest work with artificial neural systems suggests that an artificial form of consciousness is possible but also that its design would clarify many of the puzzles surrounding the murky concept of consciousness itself. The book also looks at the presentation of "self" in robots, the learning of language, and the nature of emotion, will, instinct, and feelings.
InhaltsverzeichnisPreface1. Imagination and Consciousness2. Miletus: Where the Dreaming Begins3. Nineteen Fifty-eight: A Voyage Toward Interdisciplinarity4. The Ghost of Aristotle: An Influence Across Two Millennia5. Early Artificial Neurons and the Beginnings of Artificial Intelligence6. Liberating Philosophy: The Empiricists7. Canterbury: The First Machines8. Wittgenstein: A Brief Interlude9. The WISARD Years: Machines with No Mind10. Starting the Week with Consciousness11. MAGNUS in South Kensington and Pasadena12. On Being Conscious: The Ego in the MachineEpilogueFurther Reading
Pressestimmen"This far-ranging book should interest readers at varying levels, from engineers and computer scientists to science fiction and psychology buffs." -- Library Journal
Untertitel: Empfohlen ab 22 Jahre. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: COLUMBIA UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2003
Seitenanzahl: 205 Seiten