Archaeology of Native North America
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BeschreibungThis comprehensive text is intended for the junior-senior level course in North American Archaeology. Written by accomplished scholar Dean Snow, this new text approaches native North America from the perspective of evolutionary ecology. Succinct, streamlined chapters present an extensive groundwork for supplementary material, or serve as a core text.The narrative covers all of Mesoamerica, and explicates the links between the part of North America covered by the United States and Canada and the portions covered by Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and the Greater Antilles. Additionally, book is extensively illustrated with the author's own research and findings.
1. Introduction Why it Matters Archaeological Science Coping with Incomplete Information The Use and Misuse of Evidence Mistakes and Fakes The Difference Between Biological and Cultural Evolution Basic Concepts for the Study of Cultural Evolution Ecological Approaches North America and Human Potential Geography and Basic Terms The Special Place of Rock Art Oral Tradition Summary Further Reading 2. Eurasian Origins Introduction The Evolution of Modern Humans Out of Africa The Expansion of Modern Humans Lines of Evidence from Living American Indians Crossing Beringia Traveling Companions Archaeological Traces in Siberia Swan Point The Nenana Complex The First Americans Summary Further Reading 3. The Peopling of America Introduction Was Clovis Culture First? Dubious Claims for Pre-Clovis Sites More Likely Claims for Pre-Clovis Sites The Paleoindian Period Tracking Paleoindians from Beringia The Nenana Complex Revisited The Mesa Site Accommodating the Monte Verde Site Sites on the California Coast Clovis Culture The Atlantic Alternative The Great Extinction Paleoindian Skeletal Evidence The End of the Paleoindian Period Summary Further Reading 4. Archaic Adaptations Introduction Holocene Adaptations The Roots of Domestication The Luck of Good Location Humanizing Environments Palynology The Humanized Forest Consequences for Human Adaptation Hallmarks in Stone Major Adaptive Trends in the Holocene Insights from Ethnography Managing Mobility The Magic Number 500 and the Redefinition of Sharing The Great Basin Laboratory The Northeastern Archaic Other Archaic Cultures Evolving Technology Centers of Plant Domestication Summary Further Reading 5. The Moundbuilders The Environment of the Eastern Woodlands First Impressions The Roots of Mound Building in the Eastern Woodlands Adena Culture Hopewell Culture Later Burial Moundbuilders The Beginnings of Platform Mounds Summary Further Reading 6. The Greater Southwest Introduction The First Farmers Language Families Regional Ecology Hohokam Mogollon Ancestral Pueblo Sinagua Patayan The Contraction of Greater Southwest Cultures Later Ancestral Pueblo and Modern Descendants Arrival of the Athapaskans Summary Further Reading 7. Mesoamerican Civilization Introduction Mesoamerican Geography The Consequences of Plant Domestication Mesoamerican Chronology The Olmecs Olmec Polities Olmec Centers Highland Mexico Cuicuilco Teotihuacï¿½n Competing City-States Oaxaca Maya Civilization Major Maya City-States The Maya Collapse The Mesoamerican Ball Game The Rest of Mesoamerica Summary Further Reading 8. Postclassic Mesoamerica Introduction The Postclassic Period The Toltecs The Rise of the Aztecs Aztec Society and Empire Aztec Religion Tenochtitlan Aztec Calendar and Math Native Books The Aztec Imperial Economy The End of Native Empires The Rest of Mexico The Postclassic Maya Highland Central America Summary Further Reading 9. The Mississippians Introduction Mississippians and Mesoamericans The Rise of Maize Farming Middle Mississippian South Appalachian Mississippian Plaquemine Mississippian Caddoan Mississippian Societies Summary Further Reading 10. The Northeastern Forests Introduction The Rise of Farming Cultures in the Northern Woodlands The Descendants of Hopewell The Algonquian Expansion Wild Rice Gathering Algonquian Rock Art Later Eastern Algonqians Northern Iroquoians The Formation of Confederacies The Workings of the League of the Iroquois Demographic Change and Adaptation The Central Algonquians and Siouans Other Northerners and Other Adjustments Epidemics and Depopulation Summary Further Reading 11. The Gulf Rim Introduction The Gulf Environment Early Mound Building Troyville-Coles Creek Culture Weeden Island, Fort Walton, and Safety Harbor Cultures Southern Florida The Northern Gulf Coast The Antilles The Mexican Gulf Coast Summary Further Reading 12. The Interior West Introduction The Great Plains Northern Plains Hunter-Gatherers Southern Plains Hunter-Gatherers Plains Woodland Cultures Plains Village Cultures The Great Basin The Plateau The Horse Nomads Summary Further Reading 13. The West Coast Introduction The Northwest Coast Historic Northwest Coast Cultures The Roots of Northwest Coast Culture Southern Northwest Coast California The Man Called Ishi Baja California Summary Further Reading 14. The Arctic and Subarctic The Arctic Environment Arctic Stage 1: The Earliest Evidence Arctic Stage 2: Finding Solutions Arctic Stage 3: The Arctic Small Tool Tradition Arctic Stage 4: Kachemak, Choris, Norton, Ipiutak, Dorset, and Old Bering Sea Arctic Stage 5: Thule Culture The Norse The Subarctic Summary Further Reading 15. Worlds in Collision Introduction The Columbian Exchange American Indian Populations The Development of Archaeology The Rise of Professional Archaeology Archaeology and American Indians The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Conclusion Summary Further Reading
PortraitDean R. Snow has been teaching within the Department of Anthropology at the Pennsylvania State University since 1995. Before that, he spent significant time in various faculty and administrative positions at the University of Albany, SUNY. In addition to the Archaeology of Native North America, Professor Snow has written multiple articles on human migration as well as on topics integrating cyber-technology with archaeological methods. He is a member of both the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Society for American Archaeology.
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CRC PR INC
Erscheinungsdatum: September 2009
Seitenanzahl: 384 Seiten