Through Time and Culture: Introductory Readings in Philosophy

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November 1993



This is not a bare-to-bones anthology, and while it includes non-western, it provides substantial and accessible introductions, which, through an integration of ordinary language and concepts, with those of philosophy, make the book uniquely accessible to those with title background in philosophical debate.


(Note: Each Part is Followed with Questions for Review and Further Thought.) General Introduction. I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? How Did Philosophy Begin? 1. Traditional Veda Text, The Upanishads. 2. Plato, Apology. 3. Aristotle, Wisdom and Philosophy. How Has Philosophy Come to Be Conceived? 4. Alfred North Whitehead, The Aims of Education. 5. Arthur E. Murphy, The Philosophic Mind and the Contemporary World. 6. John Dewey, Changing Conceptions of Philosophy. What Are Philosophy's Logical Tools? 7. Robert P. Churchill, Analyzing Arguments. II. WHAT ARE TRUTH, KNOWLEDGE AND FAITH, AND HOW ARE THEY RELATED? What Is Truth? 8. Satischandra Chatterjee, Indian and Western Theories of Truth. 9. W. P. Montague, Pragmatism as Relativism. What Can We Know? 10. Vasubandhu, All Is Representation.11. Rene Descartes, Meditations of First Philosophy.12. George Berkeley, Of the Principles of Human Knowledge.13. Charles Sanders Peirce, The Fixation of Belief.14. Ernest Nagel, Science and Common Sense. Is Faith Justified? 15. Traditional Buddhist Text, The Five Cardinal Virtues and The Definition of Faith.16. W. K. Clifford, The Ethics of Belief.17. William James, The Will to Believe.18. Annette Baier, Secular Faith. III. WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE REALLY LIKE? Is There a God? 19. St. Anselm, Proslogium.20. Gaunilon de Marmoutier, On Behalf of the Fool.21. St. Thomas Aquinas, The Existence of God.22. David Hume, Design, Evil, and God's Existence.23. Ernest Nagel, Philosophical Concepts of Atheism. Are There Minds Beside Matter? 24. Rhazes, from Spiritual Physick.25. Gilbert Ryle, The Ghost in the Machine. Do All Events Have Causes? 26. Averroes, from The Incoherence of the Incoherence.27. David Hume, Of Probability, and the Idea of Cause and Effect.28. Mario Bunge, Induction in Science. Are We Ever Free in Doing as We Choose? 29. Lorenzo Valla, Dialogue on Free Will.30. Roderick W. Chisholm, Responsibility and Avoidability. What Is It to Be a Person? 31. John Locke, Personal Identity.32. Risieri Frondizi, The Nature of the Self. IV. WHAT IS MORALLY JUSTIFIED? What Is the Moral Significance of Living in a Community? 33. Mo Tzu, Universal Love.34. Plato, from The Republic.35. Aristotle, from The Nicomachean Ethics. What Is the Moral Significance of Human Nature? 36. St. Thomas Aquinas, On Happiness, the Virtues, and the Natural Law.37. Ibn Khaldun, Of Natural Groups, Group Feeling, Civilization, and Justice.38. Thomas Hobbes, from Leviathan.39. David Hume, Of the Influencing Motives of the Will. How Can the Demands of Justice, Utility, and Culture Be Balanced Against One Another? 40. Immanuel Kant, The Categorical Imperative.41. John Stuart Mill, On the Connection Between Justice and Utility.42. Karl Marx, Labor Power, Exchanges, Surplus Value, and Exploitation.43. Mohandas K. Gandhi, Through Non-Violence to God.44. Simone de Beauvoir, The Ethics of Ambiguity.45. Maria C. Lugones and Elizabeth V. Spelman, Have We Got a Theory for You! Feminist Theory, Cultural Imperialism and the Demand for "The Woman's Voice." V. WHAT IS AESTHETICALLY VALUABLE? 46. Monroe C. Beardsley, In Defense of Aesthetic Value. 47. Innocent C. Onyewuenyi, Traditional African Aesthetics: A Philosophical Perspective. 48. William K. Wimsatt and Monroe C. Beardsley, The Intentional Fallacy. 49. Jose Ortega y Gasset, The Dehumanization of Art. VI. WHAT ARE PHILOSOPHY'S PROSPECTS TODAY? 50. Marjorie Greene, Puzzled Notes on a Puzzling Profession. 51. Kai Nielsen, Philosophy as Critical Theory. 52. Leopoldo Zea, The Actual Function of Philosophy in Latin America. 53. Maria Lugnes, Playfulness, "World"-Travelling, and Loving Perception. 54. K. C. Anyanwu, Cultural Philosophy as a Philosophy of Integration and Tolerance. Glossary. Selected Bibliography.
EAN: 9780139206207
ISBN: 0139206205
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: November 1993
Seitenanzahl: 520 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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