Changing Ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America
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BeschreibungThe term 'berdache' is a little-known, rarely discussed reference to Native American individuals who embodied both genders - what some might classify as 'the third sex.' Berdaches were known to combine male and female social roles with traits unique to their status as a third gender, defying and redefining traditional notions of gender-specific behavior. In Changing Ones , William Roscoe opens up and explores the world of berdaches, revealing meaningful differences between Native American culture and contemporary North American culture. Roscoe reveals that rather than being ostracized or forced into obscurity, berdaches were embraced by some 150 tribes, serving as artists, medicine people, religious experts, and tribal leaders. Indeed, Roscoe points out, berdaches sometimes even occupied a holy status within the tribal community. Roscoe begins with case studies of male and female berdaches, blending biography and ethnohistory, and he builds toward theoretical insights into the nature of gender diversity in North America. What results is highly engaging, readable, and illuminating. Changing Ones combines the fields of anthropology, sociology, queer theory, gay and lesbian studies, and gender studies to challenge conventional schools of thought and to expand every reader's horizons.
InhaltsverzeichnisForeword; Randy Burns Preface North American Gender Diversity: An Overview 'That Is My Road': The Life and Times of a Third-Gender Warrior The One Who Is Changing: Hastiin Klah and the Navajo Nadleehi Tradition Warrior Women and Women Chiefs: Alternative Identities and Genders for Native Women Two-Spirited People: Gay Americans Today Toward a Theory of Gender Diversity Gender Diversity in Yuman Cultures Native Survivance and Two-Spirit Tradition Narratives of Domination or the Cant of Conquest? Competing Views of Gender Diversity Conclusion Index to Alternative Gender Roles by Tribe Native Terms for Multiple Genders Bibliography Index
PortraitWILLIAM ROSCOE is the author of The Zuni Man-Woman, which received the Margaret Mead Award of the American Anthropological Association and a Lamda Literary Award, as well as the editor of Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology (SMP).
Pressestimmen"Will Roscoe is writing the history the history books don't talk about." --"Bay Area Reporter"
"Changing Ones is the culmination of two decades worth of superb scholarship, a landmark work." --"Lambda Book Report"
"The strength of this work is its gathering together writings by a serious scholar of American Indian cultures who as the first to bring Native voices to the conservations about homosexuality, sex role transformations, and gender diversity." --"Great Plains Quarterly"
Untertitel: biography. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: St Martin's Press
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 2000
Seitenanzahl: 329 Seiten