Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Brain Diseases

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November 2011



Brain diseases can have a large impact on patients and society, and treatment is often not available. A new approach in which somatic cells are reprogrammed into induced pluripotent cells (iPS cells) is a significant breakthrough for regenerative medicine. This promises patient-specific tissue for replacement therapies, as well as disease-specific cells for developmental modeling and drug treatment screening. However, this method faces issues of low reprogramming efficiency, and poorly defined criteria for determining the conversion of one cell type to another. Cells contain epigenetic "memories" of what they were that can affect reprogramming. This book discusses the various methods to reprogram cells, the control and determination of cell identity, the epigenetic models that have emerged and the application of iPS cell therapy for brain diseases, in particular Parkinson's disease and Vanishing White Matter (VWM).¿


I. Introduction.- II. Cell Reprogramming: A New Era in Regenerative Medicine.
a. Stem Cells.
b. Reprogramming Methods.- c. Measuring Pluripotency, Efficiency, and Identity.
d. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells versus Embryonic Stem Cells.
III. Understanding Epigenetic Memory is the Key to Successful Reprogramming.
a. Pre-fertilization to Embryo.
b. Epigenetic Control in De-, Re-, and Trans-differentiation.
IV. Prospects for Cell Replacement Therapies for Brain Diseases.
a. Parkinson's Disease.
b. Childhood Brain White Matter Disorders.
V. Conclusions.- VI. Acknowledgement.
VII. References.-



Dr. Vivi M. Heine is an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics of the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Dr. Heine earned her doctoral degree in Neurobiology from the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. She then received post-doctoral training at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard University, Boston and at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research, University of California at San Francisco. She obtained a tenure track position in 2010.
EAN: 9789400728165
Untertitel: Understanding the Methods, Epigenetic Basis, and Applications for Regenerative Medicine. 2012. Auflage. 1 schwarz-weiße und 6 farbige Abbildungen, Bibliographie. eBook. Sprache: Englisch. Dateigröße in MByte: 3.
Verlag: Springer Netherlands
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2011
Seitenanzahl: xv59
Format: pdf eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM
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