Essays on the History of Respiratory Physiology

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Januar 2015



This book consists of 23 essays about prominent people and events in the history of respiratory physiology. It provides a first-hand chronicle of the advancements made in respiratory physiology starting with Galen and the beginnings of Western physiology. The volume covers every aspect of the evolution of this important area of knowledge: pulmonary circulation, Boyle's Law, pulmonary capillaries and alveoli, morphology, gas exchange and blood flow, mechanics, control of ventilation, and comparative physiology. The book emphasizes societal and philosophical aspects of the history of science. Although it concentrates on physiology, it also describes how cultural movements, such as The Enlightenment, shaped the researchers discussed.
This book is published on behalf of the American Physiological Society by Springer. Access to APS books published with Springer is free to APS members.


 1. Galen and the beginnings of Western physiology
  2. Ibn al-Nafis, the pulmonary circulation, and the Islamic Golden  Age
  3. Torricelli and the ocean of air: the first measurement of  barometric pressure
  4. Robert Boyle's landmark book of 1660 with the first experiments  on rarified air
  5. The original presentation of Boyle's Law
  6. Robert Hooke: Early respiratory physiologist, polymath, and  mechanical genius
  7. Marcello Malpighi and the discovery of the pulmonary capillaries  and alveoli
  8. Stephen Hales: neglected respiratory physiologist
  9. Joseph Black, carbon dioxide, latent heat, and the beginnings of  the discovery of the respiratory gases
  10. Carl Wilhelm Scheele, the discoverer of oxygen, and a very  productive chemist
  11. Joseph Priestley, oxygen, and the Enlightenment
  12. The collaboration of Antoine and Marie-Anne Lavoisier and the  first measurements of human oxygen consumption
  13. Henry Cavendish, hydrogen, water, and the weight of the earth
  14. Humphry Davy, nitrous oxide, the Pneumatic Institution, and the  Royal Institution
  15. Denis Jourdanet (1815-1892) and the early recognition of the  role of hypoxia at high altitude
  16. Centenary of the Anglo-American High Altitude Expedition to  Pikes Peak
  17. Alexander M. Kellas and the physiological challenge of Mount  Everest
  18. Ravenhill and his contributions to mountain sickness
  19. George I. Finch and his pioneering use of oxygen for climbing  at extreme altitudes
  20. Joseph Barcroft's studies of high altitude physiology
  21. The physiological legacy of the Fenn, Rahn and Otis school
  22. The physiological challenges of the 1952 Copenhagen  poliomyelitis epidemic and a renaissance in clinical  respiratory physiology
  23. Historical aspects of the early Soviet/Russian manned space  program.   


EAN: 9781493923625
Untertitel: 115 schwarz-weiße und 14 farbige Abbildungen, 6 schwarz-weiße Tabellen, Bibliographie. eBook. Sprache: Englisch. Dateigröße in MByte: 20.
Verlag: Springer New York
Erscheinungsdatum: Januar 2015
Format: pdf eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM
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