Routes to Cellulosic Ethanol

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Januar 2011



The perception that civilization is crossing a period of Global Climatic Changes that can seriously threaten our lifestyle, along with energy security and the search for prosperity, are the main drivers that are pushing men to use more biomass as a source of energy. It will be crucial that such intent will include a large parcel of sustainability so that more renewable energy becomes available for populations. Because large amounts of energy are "hidden" in carbon polymers made by plants, notably carbohydrates, it is obvious that if technologies are developed to produce liquid fuels such as ethanol from carbohydrate polymers such as cellulose, men could significantly increase energy sustainability . This book reviews general aspects of biomass utilization for bioenergy production as well as strategies using biochemistry, molecular biology, chemistry and physics to disassemble plant cell walls. Recent discoveries of basic science under development in several laboratories in the world are reviewed by experts that have been intensively working with many aspects that will impact the development of the technology of production of cellulosic ethanol.


Routes to Cellulosic Ethanol
Editors: Marcos S Buckeridge & Gustavo H Goldman


The role of biomass in the world's energy system
Jose Goldemberg
Bioenergy and the Sustainable Revolution
Wanderley D. dos Santos1, Edgardo O. Gómez and Marcos S. Buckeridge
Biomass gasification for ethanol production
L. A. Horta Nogueira, J. E.A. Seabra and I.C. Macedo

Plant cell walls, enzymes and metabolism

Hemicelluloses as Recalcitrant Components for Saccharification in Wood
Takahisa Hayashi and Rumi Kaida
Topochemistry, porosity and chemical composition affecting enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials
Adriane M. F. Milagres, Walter Carvalho, Andre Ferraz
Enzymology of plant cell wall breakdown: an update
Moreira, L. R. S., Milanezi, vG. N., Filho, E. X. F.
Enzymes in Bioenergy
Viviane Isabel Serpa and Igor Polikarpov
Hydrolases from microorganisms used for degradation of plant cell wall and bioenergy production
Maria de Lourdes T. M. Polizeli, Emanuelle Corbi Corrêa, Aline Moraes Polizeli and João Atílio Jorge
Cellulase Engineering for Biomass Saccarification
Richard J. Ward
Genetic improvement of xylose utilization by Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Gustavo H. Goldman

Plant cell wall genetics

Tropical Maize - Exploiting maize genetic diversity to develop a novel annual crop for lignocellulosic biomass and sugar production
Wendy G. White, Stephen P. Moose, Clifford F. Weil, Maureen C. McCann, Nicholas C. Carpita
Sugarcane breeding and selection of sugar cane with higher lignocellulosic ethanol production
Marcelo Ehlers Loureiro, Marcio Henrique Pereira Barbosa, Francis Julio Fagundes Lopes, Flaviano Oliveira Silvério
Cell Wall Genomics in the Recombinogenic Moss Physcomitrella patens
Michael A. Lawton



Marcos S. Buckeridge, is a biologist who worked for more than 20 years with the structure and function of plant cell walls. After many years at the Botanical Garden of São Paulo, he moved to the University of São Paulo where incorporated in his lines of research investigation of sugarcane cell walls and sugarcane physiology. At the same time he founded the Laboratory or Plant Physiological Ecology (LAFIECO) dedicated exclusively to study the effects of the global climate changes on crop and native rain forest species. He will be one of the lead authors of the IPCC report for 2014. Buckeridge helped to found the BioEn-FAPESP, one or the most important research programs in bioenergy in Brazil. More recently he became coordinator of the National Institute of Science and Technology of Bioethanol, and is now the scientific director of the Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology National Laboratory (CTBE) at Campinas, Brazil. He is communicating editor for the journals Trees: structure and function, Global Change Biology Bioenergy and Bioenergy Research.Gustavo H. Goldman is a biologist, Professor of Molecular Biology at the Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil, Researcher of the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico, Brazil, and a former fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, USA. He is also an Associate Researcher at the Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology National Laboratory (CTBE) at Campinas, Brazil, and Visiting Professor at the Universidade do Minho, Portugal. His expertise is on the molecular genetics of fungi mainly working on the molecular biology of Aspergilli. Goldman has been working with fungal genomics for many years and has several collaborations with the JCVI and the Brod Institute-MIT, both at USA. He is currently Associate Editor of PLoS One, Fungal Genetics and Biology, and BMC Genomics.
EAN: 9780387927404
Untertitel: 2011. Auflage. Sprache: Englisch. Dateigröße in MByte: 6.
Verlag: Springer New York
Erscheinungsdatum: Januar 2011
Seitenanzahl: xii270
Format: pdf eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM
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