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Audubon Wildlife Report 1988/1989


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September 2013

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

Audubon Wildlife Report 1988/1989

Inhaltsverzeichnis

1;Front Cover;1 2;Audubon Wildlife Report 1988/1989;4 3;Copyright Page;5 4;Table of Contents;6 5;Foreword;10 6;Preface;12 7;Acknowledgments;14 8;Contents of Previous Volumes;16 9;Part One: The Featured Agency;20 9.1;Chapter 1. The National Marine Fisheries Service;22 9.1.1;INTRODUCTION;22 9.1.2;MARINE RESOURCES OF THE UNITED STATES;24 9.1.3;LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITIES FOR MARINE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT;30 9.1.4;ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION;41 9.1.5;AGENCY POLITICS;52 9.1.6;BUDGET AND ISSUES;69 9.1.7;ADDENDUM 1;111 9.1.8;ADDENDUM 2;112 9.1.9;REFERENCES;114 10;Part Two: Federal Agencies and Programs;118 10.1;Chapter 2. Wildlife Issues in National Forests;120 10.1.1;INTRODUCTION;120 10.1.2;CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS AND ISSUES;122 10.1.3;OTHER WILDLIFE DEVELOPMENTS AND ISSUES;144 10.1.4;REFERENCES;146 10.2;Chapter 3. Wildlife and the Bureau of Land Management;150 10.2.1;INTRODUCTION;150 10.2.2;BLM ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE;154 10.2.3;THE BLM WILDLIFE PROGRAM;160 10.2.4;GRAZING AND RIPARIAN LANDS MANAGEMENT;165 10.2.5;MINERALS MANAGEMENT;176 10.2.6;SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREAS;181 10.2.7;REFERENCES;184 10.3;Chapter 4. Wildlife Issues in National Parks;188 10.3.1;INTRODUCTION;188 10.3.2;ISSUES IN THE PARKS;194 10.3.3;REFERENCES;214 10.4;Chapter 5. Recent Legal Developments Affecting Wildlife Conservation;218 10.4.1;INTRODUCTION;218 10.4.2;CITIZEN SUITS: OPPORTUNITIES AND LIMITS;219 10.4.3;PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT AND THE RESTRAINTS OF FEDERAL WILDLIFE LAW;221 10.4.4;NATIVE AMERICANS AND FEDERAL WILDLIFE LAW;225 10.4.5;PROTECTING FOREIGN WILDLIFE;229 10.4.6;WILDLIFE LAW ENFORCEMENT;233 10.4.7;REFERENCES;235 10.5;Chapter 6. Conserving North American Waterfowl: A Plan for the Future;238 10.5.1;INTRODUCTION;238 10.5.2;STATUS OF NORTH AMERICAN DUCK POPULATIONS;239 10.5.3;IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NORTH AMERICAN WATERFOWL PLAN;266 10.5.4;CONCLUSION;272 10.5.5;REFERENCES;273 10.6;Chapter 7. The Land and Water Conservation Fund: Past Experience, Future Directions;276 10.6.1;INTRODUCTION;276 10.6.2;THE
LWCF: ITS STRUCTURE AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS;280 10.6.3;ASSESSING THE FUND'S OPERATION;286 10.6.4;THE CURRENT DEBATE;289 10.6.5;LEGISLATIVE DEVELOPMENTS;292 10.6.6;ADDENDUM;298 10.6.7;REFERENCES;299 11;Part Three: Conservation Challenges;302 11.1;Chapter 8. WILDLIFE AND WATER PROJECTS ON THE PLATTE RIVER;304 11.1.1;INTRODUCTION;304 11.1.2;THE COMPETITION FOR WATER;309 11.1.3;THE NEED FOR WATER FOR MIGRATORY BIRDS;313 11.1.4;THE SCIENTIFIC DEBATE;323 11.1.5;POLITICAL-LEGAL CONFLICT;330 11.1.6;THE SEARCH FOR A SOLUTION;340 11.1.7;THE OUTLOOK;348 11.1.8;REFERENCES;349 11.2;Chapter 9. International Wildlife Trade;356 11.2.1;INTRODUCTION;356 11.2.2;THE INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE TRADE CONTROL SYSTEM: CITES;361 11.2.3;WILDLIFE TRADE CONTROLS IN THE UNITED STATES;374 11.2.4;THE IMPACT OF U.S. DEMAND ON THE WORLD'S WILDLIFE RESOURCES: CASE ANALYSES;383 11.2.5;THE FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE TRADE CONTROL;390 11.2.6;REFERENCES;392 11.3;Chapter 10.The International Orchid Trade;396 11.3.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;396 11.3.2;SOURCE OF STATISTICS ON RECENT INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ORCHIDS;397 11.3.3;CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ORCHID TRADE;399 11.3.4;THE ORCHID TRADE IN 1985;400 11.3.5;CURRENT COLLECTION PRESSURES ON ORCHID SPECIES;403 11.3.6;THE UNITED STATES AS EXPORTER AND IMPORTER;405 11.3.7;CONCLUSIONS;408 11.3.8;REFERENCES;410 11.4;Chapter 11. Plastic Debris and Its Effects on Marine Wildlife;414 11.4.1;INTRODUCTION;414 11.4.2;THE PROBLEM OF PLASTIC DEBRIS;417 11.4.3;SOURCES OF PLASTIC DEBRIS;427 11.4.4;EXISTING LEGAL CONTROLS;431 11.4.5;CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS;435 11.4.6;LEGISLATIVE DEVELOPMENTS;440 11.4.7;CONCLUSION;447 11.4.8;REFERENCES;449 11.5;Chapter 12. The 1985 Farm Act and Its Implications for Wildlife;456 11.5.1;INTRODUCTION;456 11.5.2;PERTINENT PROVISIONS OF THE 1985 FARM ACT;463 11.5.3;COMMODITY PROGRAMS' IMPACTS ON WILDLIFE;475 11.5.4;ADMINISTRATION OF PROGRAMS;479 11.5.5;RECOMMENDATIONS;479 11.5.6;REFERENCES;481 11.6;Chapter 13. Restoring the Evergl
ades;486 11.6.1;INTRODUCTION;486 11.6.2;EVOLUTION OF THE EVERGLADES PROTECTION MOVEMENT;492 11.6.3;SAVE OUR EVERGLADES;494 11.6.4;OUTLOOK FOR THE FUTURE;509 11.6.5;REFERENCES;511 12;Part Four: Species Accounts;512 12.1;Chapter 14. The Moose in Alaska;514 12.1.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;514 12.1.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;516 12.1.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;518 12.1.4;CURRENT TRENDS;522 12.1.5;MANAGEMENT;527 12.1.6;PROGNOSIS;530 12.1.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;530 12.1.8;REFERENCES;531 12.2;Chapter 15. The Florida Panther;534 12.2.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;534 12.2.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;538 12.2.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;539 12.2.4;CURRENT TRENDS;541 12.2.5;MANAGEMENT;543 12.2.6;PROGNOSIS;547 12.2.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;548 12.2.8;REFERENCES;549 12.3;Chapter 16. The Common Barn-Owl;554 12.3.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;554 12.3.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;561 12.3.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;562 12.3.4;CURRENT TRENDS;563 12.3.5;MANAGEMENT;564 12.3.6;RECOMMENDATIONS;565 12.3.7;REFERENCES;566 12.4;Chapter 17. The Greater Flamingo;572 12.4.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;572 12.4.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;579 12.4.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;579 12.4.4;CURRENT TRENDS;580 12.4.5;MANAGEMENT;580 12.4.6;PROGNOSIS;581 12.4.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;582 12.4.8;REFERENCES;582 12.5;Chapter 18. The Desert Tortoise;586 12.5.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;586 12.5.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;588 12.5.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;588 12.5.4;CURRENT TRENDS;589 12.5.5;MANAGEMENT;592 12.5.6;RECOMMENDATIONS;598 12.5.7;REFERENCES;599 12.6;Chapter 19. The Eskimo Curlew;602 12.6.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;602 12.6.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;606 12.6.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;607 12.6.4;CURRENT TRENDS;610 12.6.5;MANAGEMENT;611 12.6.6;PROGNOSIS;611 12.6.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;612 12.6.8;REFERENCES;612 12.7;Chapter 20. The Red Wolf;616 12.7.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;616 12.7.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;618 12.7.3;
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;619 12.7.4;CURRENT TRENDS;620 12.7.5;RECOMMENDATIONS;625 12.7.6;REFERENCES;625 12.8;Chapter 21. The Indiana Bat;628 12.8.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;628 12.8.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;635 12.8.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;635 12.8.4;CURRENT TRENDS;636 12.8.5;MANAGEMENT;637 12.8.6;PROGNOSIS;638 12.8.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;639 12.8.8;REFERENCES;640 12.9;Chapter 22. Bachman's Warbler;644 12.9.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;644 12.9.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;648 12.9.3;CURRENT TRENDS;650 12.9.4;MANAGEMENT;651 12.9.5;RECOMMENDATIONS;652 12.9.6;REFERENCES;653 12.10;Chapter 23. The American Pronghorn;656 12.10.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;656 12.10.2;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;660 12.10.3;CURRENT TRENDS;661 12.10.4;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;661 12.10.5;MANAGEMENT;663 12.10.6;PROGNOSIS;665 12.10.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;666 12.10.8;REFERENCES;667 12.11;Chapter 24. The Sanderling;670 12.11.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;670 12.11.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;674 12.11.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;675 12.11.4;CURRENT TRENDS;676 12.11.5;PROGNOSIS;680 12.11.6;RECOMMENDATIONS;681 12.11.7;REFERENCES;684 12.12;Chapter 24. The Nearctic River Otter;688 12.12.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;688 12.12.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES;692 12.12.3;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;692 12.12.4;CURRENT TRENDS;693 12.12.5;MANAGEMENT;694 12.12.6;PROGNOSIS;695 12.12.7;RECOMMENDATIONS;696 12.12.8;REFERENCES;699 12.13;Chapter 25. The North Atlantic Right Whale;704 12.13.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;704 12.13.2;SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SPECIES AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;708 12.13.3;CURRENT TRENDS;710 12.13.4;MANAGEMENT;710 12.13.5;PROGNOSIS;711 12.13.6;REFERENCES;715 12.14;Chapter 26. The Dungeness Crab and the Alaska Red King Crab;720 12.14.1;SPECIES DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL HISTORY;720 12.14.2;HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE;724 12.14.3;CURRENT TRENDS;727 12.14.4;MANAGEMENT;728 12.14.5;PROGNOSIS;729 12.14.6;RECOMM
ENDATIONS;730 12.14.7;REFERENCES;731 13;Part Five: Appendices;734 13.1;APPENDIX A: Forest Service Directory;736 13.2;APPENDIX B: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Directory;741 13.3;APPENDIX C: National Park Service Directory;747 13.4;APPENDIX D: Bureau of Land Management Directory;751 13.5;APPENDIX E: Wetlands Management Directory;753 13.6;APPENDIX F: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS);758 13.7;APPENDIX G: Budget Information Contacts on Federal Fish and Wildlife Programs;761 13.8;APPENDIX H: Congressional Contacts and Addresses;763 13.9;APPENDIX I: Endangered Species List Updates;771 13.10;APPENDIX J: Federal Fish and Wildlife Program Budgets;786 14;Index;812


EAN: 9781483274577
Untertitel: 200:Adobe eBook. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Elsevier Science
Erscheinungsdatum: September 2013
Format: pdf eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM
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