The Deep Hot Biosphere
BeschreibungThis book sets forth a set of truly controversial and astonishing theories: First, it proposes that below the surface of the earth is a biosphere of greater mass and volume than the biosphere the total sum of living things on our planet's continents and in its oceans. Second, it proposes that the inhabitants of this subterranean biosphere are not plants or animals as we know them, but heat-loving bacteria that survive on a diet consisting solely of hydrocarbons that is, natural gas and petroleum. And third and perhaps most heretically, the book advances the stunning idea that most hydrocarbons on Earth are not the byproduct of biological debris ("fossil fuels"), but were a common constituent of the materials from which the earth itself was formed some 4.5 billion years ago.The implications are astounding. The theory proposes answers to often-asked questions: Is the deep hot biosphere where life originated, and do Mars and other seemingly barren planets contain deep biospheres? Even more provocatively, is it possible that there is an enormous store of hydrocarbons upwelling from deep within the earth that can provide us with abundant supplies of gas and petroleum?However far-fetched these ideas seem, they are supported by a growing body of evidence, and by the indisputable stature and seriousness Gold brings to any scientific debate. In this book we see a brilliant and boldly original thinker, increasingly a rarity in modern science, as he develops potentially revolutionary ideas about how our world works.
InhaltsverzeichnisForeword by Freeman Dyson;
(1) Our Garden of Eden;
(2) Life at the Borders;
(3) The Deep-Earth Gas Theory;
(4) Evidence for Deep-Earth Gas;
(5) Resolviong the Petroleum Paradox;
(6) The Siljan Experiment;
(7) Extending the Theory;
(8) Rethinking Earthquakes;
(9) The Origin of Life;
(10) What Next? // Notes // Acknowledgments // Index
PressestimmenFrom the reviews:
"always original, always important, usually controversial, and usually right"
- FROM THE FOREWORD BY FREEMAN DYSON
"an extraordinary theory from one of the world's most original minds."
- NIGEL HAWKES, THE TIMES, LONDON
"The leading supporter of the abiotic theory in the U.S. is Prof. Thomas Gold of Cornell. His 1999 book, The Deep Hot Biosphere (Springer-Verlag) is a thorough discussion of the issues. It is based in part on research financed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Among prominent scientists whose work supports the abiotic theory are Jean Whelan of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Mahlon Kennicutt of Texas A&M University, and J.F Kenny of the Gas Resources Corporation."
"There is much to be said about this important book ... . Gold exhibits the irreversible and universal genius that we recognize in Aristotle and Leonardo da Vinci. ... The versatility and range of knowledge exhibited is remarkable. ... The Deep Hot Biosphere is a highly interesting and important book; it should be required reading for every geology student." (David Deming, Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 17 (2), 2003)
"Thomas Gold is a physicist who is not afraid of controversy. ... His big new theory ... is that oil and natural gas are produced by geology and chemistry of the hot deep layers below the Earth's surface ... . The book is the best kind of science writing: contentious and passionate, with all the evidence there for you to weigh up." (New Scientist, August, 2001)
Untertitel: The Myth of Fossil Fuels. Mit Abbildungen. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 2001
Übersetzer/Sprecher: Übersetzt von Freeman Dyson