Command Failure in War: Psychology and Leadership

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Mai 2004



Why do military commanders, most of them usually quite capable, fail atcrucial moments of their careers? Robert Pois and Philip Langer -- one a historian, the other an educational psychologist -- study seven cases of military commandfailures, from Frederick the Great at Kunersdorf to Hitler's invasion of Russia.While the authors recognize the value of psychological theorizing, they do notbelieve that one method can cover all the individuals, battles, or campaigns underexamination. Instead, they judiciously take a number of psycho-historical approachesin hope of shedding light on the behaviors of commanders during war. The otherbattles and commanders studied here are Napoleon in Russia, George B. McClellan'sPeninsular Campaign, Robert E. Lee and Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg, John BellHood at the Battle of Franklin, Douglas Haig and the British command during WorldWar I, "Bomber" Harris and the Strategic Bombing of Germany, andStalingrad.


Preface1. Introduction; 2. Frederick the Great at Kunersdorf, August 12, 1759 "Will not some accursed bullet strike me?"; 3. Napoleon in Russia, 1812 "Whose blood have I shed?"; 4. General George B. McClellan, The Wounded Ego "If I save this army now, I tell you plainly that I owe no thanks to you or any other person in Washington. You have done your best to sacrifice the army."; 5. Pickett's Charge: The Failure of Success "Too bad. Too Bad. O, too bad."; 6. Franklin, Tennessee: The Wrong Enemy "In my utmost heart I questioned whether or not I could ever succeed in eradicating this evil."; 7. Conventional Historical Explanations: The British Military in World War I "The machine gun is a much overrated weapon, and two per battalion is sufficient."; 8. Winston Churchill, Arthur Harris, and British Strategic Bombing "It was as heroic, as self sacrificing, as Russia's decision to adopt her policy of 'scorched earth.'"; 9. Stalingrad: A Ghastly Collaboration between Hitler and his Generals "I will not go back from the Volga."; Conclusion


Robert Pois (1940-2004) was Professor of History at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Among his books are The Great War; National Socialism and the Religion of Nature; and Friedrich Meinecke and German Politics in the Twentieth Century. Philip Langer is Professor of Educational Psychology and Faculty Fellow of the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Colorado-Boulder. He lives in Boulder, Colorado.
EAN: 9780253343789
ISBN: 025334378X
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Mai 2004
Seitenanzahl: 304 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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