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BeschreibungThe ultimate introduction, textbook, and reference on decoherence and the quantum-to-classical transition. This detailed but accessible text describes the concepts, formalism, interpretation, and experimental observation of decoherence and explains how decoherence is responsible for the emergence, from the realm of quantum mechanics, of the classical world of our experience. Topics include: Foundational problems at the quantum classical border; The role of the environment and entanglement; Environment-induced loss of coherence and superselection; Scattering-induced decoherence and spatial localization; Master equations; Decoherence models; Experimental realization of "Schrödinger kittens" and their decoherence; Quantum computing, quantum error correction, and decoherence-free subspaces; Implications of decoherence for interpretations of quantum mechanics and for the"measurement problem"; Decoherence in the brain.Written in a lucid and concise style that is accessible to all readers with a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics, this stimulating book tells the "classical from quantum" story in a comprehensive and coherent manner that brings together the foundational, technical, and experimental aspects of decoherence. It will be an indispensable resource for newcomers and experts alike.
InhaltsverzeichnisIntroducing Decoherence.- The Basic Formalism and Interpretation of Decoherence.- Decoherence Is Everywhere: Localization Due to Environmental Scattering.- Master-Equation Formulations of Decoherence.- A World of Spins and Oscillators: Canonical Models for Decoherence.- Of Buckey Balls and SQUIDs: Observing Decoherence in Action.- Decoherence and Quantum Computing.- The Role of Decoherence in Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics.- Observations, the Quantum Brain, and Decoherence.
PortraitMaximilian Schlosshauer is an internationally recognized researcher in the foundations of quantum mechanics in general and in quantum decoherence in particular. After completing his undergraduate education at Freiburg University, Germany, he graduated from Lund University, Sweden, with a Master of Science degree in 2001. He received a Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of Washington in Seattle in 2005. His postgraduate research (with Arthur Fine) was focused on decoherence and the quantum-to-classical transition. He is currently an Australian Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Physics at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Besides his interest in decoherence and the foundations of quantum mechanics, he has also contributed important research in theoretical biophysics.
PressestimmenFrom the reviews:
"A thorough and readable representation of today's understanding of the topic ... An excellent overview of the various theoretical approaches to the physics that leads to decoherence. A particular strength is that it includes accounts of several experiments demonstrating the decoherence mechanism in detail ... An important resource for anyone interested in decoherence. It is very well written and it will contribute to further conceptual and theoretical development and to new experiments."
Review by Anton Zeilinger, published in Nature 451, 18 (2008)
"An excellent monograph about what the best current thoughts are on the link between quantum and classical physics. ... rewarding reading for physicists who do not have the time or the mathematical preparation to delve into all the details. For such readers, the book includes interesting and accessible discussions of recent experiments ... . a welcome contribution. The index is well organized to help readers find their way around. And the more than 500 up-to-date references are a bonus for the more interested, persistent reader." (Eugen Merzbacher, Physics Today, September, 2008)
"A very fine tour of the decoherence program in all its facets. ... Schlosshauer's book is highly recommended. ... [He] has written an excellent survey of a field that is of the greatest possible interest for the foundations of quantum physics." (N. P. Landsman, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, Vol. 40, 2009)
Untertitel: and the Quantum-To-Classical Transition. 1st ed. 2007. Corr. 2nd printing 2008. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: August 2008
Seitenanzahl: 436 Seiten