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Michael Meyers' Survey of Operating Systems

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November 2002

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

This new series by PC guru Mike Meyers is designed to give students of varying experience a practical working knowledge of baseline IT skills and technologies. This four-color illustrated volume covers each of the major operating systems, including DOS, Windows 9x/NT/2000/XP, Mac OS9/OSX, and UNIX/Linux. A chapter on networking and network operating systems is also included.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Survey of Operating Systems


Chapter 1 Introduction to Operating Systems


Microcomputers Today


What Is a Microcomputer?


What Types of Microcomputers Are Used Today?


What¿s Contained in and Attached to a Microcomputer


Processor


Motherboard and Chipset


Memory


Video Adapter and Display


Keyboard


Pointing Device


Disk Drives


Peripheral Devices


Purpose and Functions of Microcomputer Operating Systems


What Is an Operating System?


User Interface


Job Management


Task Management


Memory Management


File Management


Device Management


Security


Yesterday¿s Operating Systems


First the Machines


Then the Operating Systems


DOS, CP/M, Apple, and the Killer App


The Second Wave


OS/2


Microsoft Windows


Windows for Workgroups


What OSs Are Available Today?


DOS from Microsoft


Windows NT


Windows 98


Windows Me (Millennium Edition)


Windows 2000


Windows XP


Macintosh OS


UNIX/Linux


Chapter 2 DOS


Finding DOS and Understanding Its Strengths and Weaknesses


Versions of DOS, Past and Present


DOS¿s Strengths


DOS¿s Weaknesses


Installing DOS


DOS Hardware Requirements


Preparing for DOS Installation


How the FAT File System Works


How DOS Uses Files and Directories


DOS File Attributes


Working with the DOS Command Prompt


Success at the DOS Prompt


Which Command Will Accomplish the Task?


Learning to Manage Files and Directories


Understanding the DOS Bootup Process and Required Startup Disks


Why You Should Learn the DOS


Bootup Process


DOS System Files


The DOS Bootup Process


Creating DOS Startup Disks


Using FORMAT to Create a Startup Disk


Using SYS to Create a DOS Startup Disk


Using Windows to Create a Startup Disk


Working with DOS in Windows


Running DOS Applications in Windows


Using the Command Prompt in Windows


Troubleshooting Common DOS Problems


¿Non-System Disk¿ Error Message


¿Bad or Missing Command Interpreter¿ Error Message


¿Bad Command or File Name¿ Error Message


Request to Enter the Current Date and Time


Chapter 3 The Windows Desktop


Who Invented the Desktop?


Navigating the Windows GUI


Getting to the Desktop via Logon


A Tour of the Desktop


Managing Files in Windows


What Files Should You Manage?


Using My Computer to Manage Files


Configuring and Customizing the Windows Desktop


Classic Desktop versus Active Desktop


Decorating the Desktop: Background, Color Schemes, and Settings


Customizing the Taskbar


Launching Programs in Windows


Start Menu


Program Shortcut


Start | Run


Launch by Association


Command Prompt


Logging Off and Shutting Down


Start Menu


Ctrl-Alt-Delete


Troubleshooting Common Windows Desktop Problems


Disappearing Dialog Box


Inability to Find Something


Failure of Windows Fails Start


Failure of Windows Stalls


An Application Fails to Start


Chapter 4 Windows NT 4.0 Workstation


NT 4.0 Workstation Overview


Benefits and Features


The Limitations of Windows NT


Why Is Windows NT 4.0 Still in Use?


Where Can I Find Windows NT 4.0 Today?


Hardware and Windows NT Workstation 4.0


Installing and Configuring Windows NT 4.0 Workstation


Preparing for Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Installation


Customizing and Managing Windows NT 4.0 Workstation


Creating a New Hard Disk Partition


Installing and Removing Applications and Windows Components


Preparing the Desktop for Users


Managing Windows NT Workstation Security


Managing Users, Groups, Rights, and Permissions


Using and Managing a Local Printer


Troubleshooting Common Windows NT 4.0 Problems


The Registry


Event Viewer


When Problems Sneak Up on You


Loss of Data


Troubleshooting Startup Problems


The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)


Chapter 5 Windows 98


Windows 98 Overview


Windows 98 Features and Strengths


Limitations of Windows 98


Why Would I Use Windows 98 Today?


Hardware and Windows 98


Installing and Configuring Windows 98


Preparing for Windows 98 Installation


Performing Post-Installation Tasks


Customizing and Managing Windows 98


Application Installation Methods


Managing Users, Files, and Printers


Adding a New User


Working with Long File Names in Windows 98


Installing Printer Drivers


Troubleshooting Common Windows 98 Problems


Resources for Troubleshooting


Windows 98 Fails During Startup


Using Safe Mode to Correct Problems


A Program Stalls in Windows 98


Explorer Performed an Illegal Operation


Fatal Exception Error: The Windows 98Blue Screen of Death


Windows 98 Shutdown Problems


Poor Performance


Chapter 6 Windows 2000 Professional


Windows 2000 Professional Overview


Benefits and Features


Weaknesses of Windows 2000 Professional


When Is Windows 2000 Professional Needed?


Installing and Configuring Windows 2000 Professional


Hardware and Software for Windows 2000 Professional


Customizing and Managing Windows 2000 Professional


Using the Control Panel Applets


Customizing Display Settings


Adding a Printer


Use the Start Menu Tools


Managing Files and Folders in Windows 2000 Professional


Finding Files and Folders


Installing and Removing Applications and Windows 2000 Components


Managing Security for Users, Files, and Printers


Managing User Accounts and Groups


Manage Permissions


Troubleshooting Common Windows 2000 Professional Problems


An Approach to Troubleshooting


Where to Find Help


Registry Editor


Event Viewer


Device Manager


An Ounce of Prevention


Common Problems and Solutions


Chapter 7 Windows XP Professional 287


Describe Windows XP Professional Benefits, Features, and Weaknesses


Benefits and Features


Windows XP Weaknesses


When to Use Windows XP


XP Versions


Installing and Configuring Windows XP Professional


Customize and Manage Windows XP Professional


The Windows XP Control Panel


Adding a Printer to Windows XP


Installing and Working with Applications in Windows XP

Add or Remove Windows XP Components

Manage User Security in Windows XP


Users and Groups in Windows XP Professional


Practicing User Security


Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems


Resources for Troubleshooting


Troubleshooting Startup Failure with Safe Mode


Creating Startup Disks


An Old Application Will Not Run


Chapter 8 Macintosh OS 9 and OS X


Introducing Apple and the Macintosh Operating System


A Colorful Contribution to the World of Computing


Macintosh Characteristics


Features of the Mac OS Desktop


Startup


Login


The Desktop


The Finder


The Apple Menu


The Chooser


The Control Strip and the Dock


Features of Mac OS X


Installing and Configuring Mac OS X


Getting to Know the Mac OS X Workspace


Changing System Preferences


Managing Files in OS X


Printing


Printing Options .


Working with User Accounts and Privileges


Troubleshooting Common Mac OS Problems

Where to Find Help


Useful System Utilities


Keyboard Shortcuts for Troubleshooting


Issues Caused by Large Files


Chapter 9 Linux


Linux Overview


The Development of Linux


Benefits of Linux


Drawbacks of Linux


When to Use Linux


Why Learn Linux?


Basic Linux Skills


Getting Access to Linux


Working with Linux Commands


The Command Syntax


Differences Between DOS and Linux


Shutting Down a Linux Computer


Managing Files and Folders


Listing the Contents of a Folder


Creating a File with pico


Copying Files in Linux


Deleting Files in Linux


Renaming or Moving Files in Linux


Working with Folders in Linux


Creating Folders


Changing File Permissions


Using the Gnome Desktop


Configuring Linux


Managing Users


Configuring a Printer


Adding a Printer


Installing Software


Troubleshooting Common Linux Problems


Gnome Will Not Start


Gnome Won¿t Start at Login


I Cannot Save My File


My Screen Displays Gibberish


How Do I Get Help?


Chapter 10 Introduction to Network Server Operating Systems


Basics of Networking


Why Network PCs?


Networks, Small to Large


Logical Network Organization


Network Pieces and Parts


Dominant Network Server Operating Systems


Basic Server Concepts


Windows NT/2000/.Net ServerOperating Systems


UNIX/Linux Server Operating Systems


Novell Server Operating Systems


Common Roles of Network Servers


File and Print Servers


Mail Servers


Data Backup Servers


Application Servers


Web Servers


Sharing and Protecting Resources


Adding Computers to a Microsoft Domain


Creating User and Group Accounts


Creating Shares


Connecting Clients to Shares


Appendix About A+ Certification


What¿s Certification?


A+ Certification


Preparing for the A+ Certification Exam


Glossary


Index


Portrait

Jane Holcombe (A+, MCSE, MCT, and CNA) is a pioneer in the field of PC training. She co-founded Valley Micro Associates, a predecessor company to MindSharp, a Minneapolis, MN CTEC, and has trained technical support personnel nationally for over 17 years. Jane has developed numerous technical training courses. She is a Past President of the Twin Cities PC User Group and she has made technical presentations and led general sessions at both local and national conferences. Chuck Holcombe has a high-tech background in the use of computers in the Nuclear and Aerospace fields and spent 15 years at Control Data Corporation where he was successively a programmer, customer sales analyst, salesman, and sales manager in their field marketing force. He has been an independent trainer and consultant for the past 22 years. Michael Meyers is the industry's leading authority on PC and network support. He is the president and founder of Total Seminars, LLC, a major provider of PC and network repair seminars for thousands of organisations throughout the world. His down-to-earth style and comprehensive treatment of the subject will put the reader at ease and full of confidence.
EAN: 9780072225112
ISBN: 0072225114
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: MCGRAW HILL/IRWIN PROFESSIONAL
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2002
Seitenanzahl: 480 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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