Working Memory and Thinking: Current Issues in Thinking and Reasoning
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BeschreibungThinking and memory are inextricably linked. However, a 'divide and rule' approach has led cognitive psychologists to study these two areas in relative isolation. With contributions from some of the leading international researchers on working memory and thinking, the present volume aims to break down the scientific divisions and foster scientific integration in the connections between these two core functions of cognition. Broadly defined, thinking comprises mentally driven change in current representations. The processes involved in such change include application of logical rules, heuristics, problem solving strategies, decision making, planning, and comprehension of complex material. Memory involves the encoding, retention, and retrieval of information, and the retention may be temporary or in a long-term knowledge base. Thinking cannot occur in a vacuum; it relies on the long-term memory base and a temporary mental workspace. Despite the apparent limitations on mental workspace, humans can drive a car and hold a conversation, or store partial solutions while tackling other aspects of a problem. So too, some aspects of thinking are relatively resilient in the face of quite extensive brain damage, yet other aspects are remarkably vulnerable to neuroanatomical insults. Humans can solve complex problems with many alternative choice points and yet seem to be able to consider only a few hypotheses at any one time. These apparent paradoxes present significant scientific challenges as to how humans can be such successful thinkers despite their very limited working memory. The chapters herein represent a diversity of views as regards the nature of working memory and forms ofhuman thinking. The links between working memory and thinking are directly addressed and made explicit, and in so doing this volume offers an increasingly integrated understanding of human thinking and memory.
InhaltsverzeichnisK.J. Gilhooly, R.H. Logie, Thinking in Working Memory. K.J. Gilhooly, Memory, Strategies, and Reasoning Tasks. L.H. Phillips, M.J. Forshaw, The Role of Working Memory in Age Differences in Reasoning. S. Della Sala, R.H. Logie, Dualism Down the Drain: Thinking in the Brain. R.W. Engle, A.R.A. Conway, Working Memory and Comprehension. K.A. Ericsson, P.F. Delaney, Working Memory and Expert Performance. P. Saarilumoa, Adversary Problem-Solving and Working Memory. G.S. Halford, Development of Processing Capacity Entails Representing More Complex Relations: Implications for Cognitive Development.
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: PSYCHOLOGY PR
Erscheinungsdatum: Februar 1998
Seitenanzahl: 180 Seiten