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Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science


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Oktober 2008

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

Grundlegend umwälzende wissenschaftliche Erkenntnis führt zu gleichermaßen weitreichenden Umwälzungen in der Philosophie. Diese Verbindung wird anhand des Beispiels der Lehren von Kopernikus, Darwin oder Freud aufgezeigt.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

General Introduction.
I. Nicolaus Copernicus: The Loss of Centrality.
I. 1 Ptolemy and Copernicus.
I. 2 A Clash of two Worldviews.
I. 3 The Heliocentric Worldview.
I. 4 Copernicus was not a Scientific Revolutionary.
I. 5 The Transition to Newton.
I. 6 Some Philosophical Lessons.
I. 7 Copernicus and Scientific Revolutions.
I. 8 The Anthropic Principle: A Reversal of the Copernican Turn?.
II. Charles Darwin: The Loss of Rational Design.
II. 1 Darwin and Copernicus.
II. 2 Views of Organic Life.
II. 3 Fossil Discoveries.
II. 4 Darwin's Revolution.
II. 5 Philosophical Matters.
II. 5.2 From Biology to the Philosophy of Mind.
II. 5. 3 The Loss of Rational Design.
II. 5.4 Intelligent Design.
II. 6 A Question of Method.
II. 6.1 Darwinian Inferences.
II. 6. 2 Philosophical Empiricism.
II. 6. 3 Some Principles of Elimination.
II. 6.4 Essential Features of Eliminative Inductivism.
II. 6.5 Falsifiability or Testability?.
II. 6.6 Explanation and Prediction.
II. 6.6 Some Models of Explanation - Functional Model, Causal Model, Structural Model.
II. 6. 7 A Brief Return to Realism.
II. 6. 8 Darwin and Scientific Revolutions.
II. 6. 8. 1 Philosophical Consequences.
III. Freud: The Loss of Transparency.
III. 1 Copernicus, Darwin and Freud.
III. 2 Some Views of Humankind.
III. 3 Scientism and the Freudian Model of Personality.
III. 4 The Social Sciences beyond Freud.
III. 5 Evolution and the Social Sciences.
III. 6 Freud and Revolutions in Thought.
Essay Questions

Portrait

Friedel Weinert is Professor of Philosophy at Bradford University and a former Visiting Research Fellow at Harvard University and Visiting Fellow at the Centre for the Philosophy of Natural and Social Science at the LSE in London. He holds a PhD in Philosophy, a BA in Sociology, and a BSc in Physics. Dr. Weinert is the editor of Laws of Nature (1995), the author of The Scientist as Philosopher (2004) and chief editor of the forthcoming Compendium of Quantum Physics: Concepts, Experiments, History and Philosophy.

Pressestimmen

"Whether used as a textbook or as a review of issues concerning scientific revolutions and theory change in their historical context, Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud may be strongly recommended." (The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science, 2011) "Those seeking a more conventional approach to the history and philosophy of science may well find Weinert's book informative...there is much to be learned from Weinert's comparison of Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud." ( Science & Education , January 2011)
EAN: 9781405181839
ISBN: 1405181834
Untertitel: Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science. 1. Auflage. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: BLACKWELL PUBL
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2008
Seitenanzahl: 284 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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