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The Chinese Cornerstone of Modern Banking: The Canton Guaranty System and the Origins of Bank Deposit Insurance 1780-1933

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September 2014

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

The Chinese Cornerstone of Modern Banking: The Canton Guaranty System and the Origins of Bank Deposit Insurance 1780-1933, by Frederic Delano Grant, Jr., details the evolution of modern deposit insurance from collective responsibility for debt enforced under the Canton System.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Acknowledgements ... ix List of Illustrations ... xii List of Tables and Charts ... xiv Note on Spelling ... xv Glossary ... xvi
1. Introduction ... 1 1.1 Subject and Framework ... 3 1.2 Previous Research ... 8 1.3 The 1829 Crisis in the State of New York ... 13 1.4 The Crisis in the Chinese Port of Canton: 1829 ... 15 1.5 The 1829 Crises as Prologue ... 16
2. Sources of the Canton Guaranty System ... 18 2.1 Conquest and Pacification ... 18 2.2 The Organization of Merchants Engaged in Maritime Trade ... 31 2.3 Official Roots of Collective Responsibility ... 39 2.4 Collective Responsibility in Chinese Tradition ... 47
3. Evolution of the Canton Guaranty System ... 54 3.1 Official Management of Maritime Foreign Trade ... 54 3.2 The Security Merchant System and Origins of Collective Responsibility ... 60 3.3 The Formal Regulation of Maritime Foreign Trade ... 71 3.4 Debt Collection Under the Canton System ... 93 3.5 The 1780 Crisis and Imposition of the Collective Guaranty ... 111
4. The Fund is Drained, 1780-1799 ... 126 4.1 The Hong Merchants, 1780-1799 ... 127 4.2 The Demands of Government, 1780-1799 ... 129 4.3 Trading Conditions, 1780-1799 ... 132 4.4 The Collective Guaranty of Debt, 1780-1799 ... 138
5. Three Plagues: War, Piracy and Litigation, 1800-1814 ... 146 5.1 The Hong Merchants, 1800-1814 ... 148 5.2 The Demands of Government, 1800-1814 ... 151 5.3 Trading Conditions, 1800-1814 ... 154 5.4 The Collective Guaranty of Debt, 1800-1814 ... 157 5.5 The Abortive 1810 Receivership of Gnewqua II and Ponqua ... 159 5.6 The 1813 Receivership of the Junior Hong Merchants ... 163
6. Years of Rebound and Opium, 1815-1828 ... 166 6.1 The Hong Merchants, 1815-1828 ... 166 6.2 The Demands of Government, 1815-1828 ... 170 6.3 Trading Conditions, 1815-1828 ... 171 6.4 The Experience of Conseequa, 1796-1823 ... 173 6.5 The Collective Guaranty of Debt, 1815-1828 ... 184
7. The Last Years of the Canton System, 1829-1842 ... 192 7.1 The Hong Merchants, 1829-1842 ... 194 7.2 Trading Conditions, 1829-1842 ... 202 7.3 The Collective Guaranty of Debt, 1829-1842 ... 207
8. From Safety Fund to Bank Deposit Insurance ... 218 8.1 Joshua Forman ... 221 8.2 The Power of Suggestion ... 224 8.3 The Banking Crisis in the State of New York ... 226 8.4 The 1829 New York Safety Fund Statute ... 230 8.5 Early State Bank Guaranty Programs ... 237 8.6 Implementation of National Deposit Insurance in the United States ... 240
9. Eighty Years of Bank Deposit Insurance ... 252 9.1 Federal Deposit Insurance in the United States ... 253 9.2 The International Progress of Bank Deposit Insurance ... 257
10. Epilogue ... 263 Appendices
Appendix 1. The Original Five Regulations (1760), Modern Translation ... 283
Appendix 2. The Original Five Regulations (1760), Contemporary Translation ... 286
Appendix 3. The Eight Regulations (1831) ... 291
Appendix 4. The Eight Regulations (1835) ... 301
Appendix 5. The Eight Regulations (Per W.C. Hunter) ... 312 Bibliography ... 315 Index ... 333

Portrait

Frederic Delano Grant, Jr., J.D. (1983), Boston College Law School, and Ph.D. (2012), Leiden University, is a Boston, Massachusetts lawyer who has written extensively about the business and legal history of China's maritime foreign trade.
EAN: 9789004276550
ISBN: 9004276556
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: MARTINUS NIJHOFF
Erscheinungsdatum: September 2014
Seitenanzahl: 362 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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