HUDU

Hydrothermal Processes and Mineral Systems

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Beschreibung

Beschreibung

Hydrothermal processes on Earth have played an important role in the evolution of our planet. These processes link the lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere in continuously evolving dynamic systems. Terrestrial hydrothermal processes have been active since water condensed to form the hydrosphere, most probably from about 4.4 Ga. The circulation of hot aqueous solutions, or hydrothermal systems, at and below the Earth's surface, is driven by magmatic heat. Hydrothermal systems form beneath the oceans (e. g. spreading centres, oceanic plateaux), in lakes, intracontinental rifts, continental margins and magmatic arcs. Hydrothermal fluids can be juvenile-magmatic or derived from seawater, metamorphic, meteoric, connate waters or a mix of two or more of these. The interaction of hydrothermal fluids with wallrocks and/or the hydrosphere and changes in their composition through time and space, contribute to the formation of a wide range of mineral deposit types and associated wallrock alteration. On Earth, sites of hydrothermal activity support, both at surface and in the subsurface, varied ecosystems based on a range of chemotrophic microorganisms. An intriguing question is whether primitive life is still being created in present-day hydrothermal systems, or did it occur only in the ancient geological past? This volume will be of interest to scientists and researchers in Geo and Life Sciences departments, as well as to professionals and scientists involved in mining and mineral exploration. TOC:1. Water and hydrothermal fluids on Earth.- 2. Hydrothermal processes and wall rock alteration.- 3. Tectonic settings, geodynamics and temporal evolution of hydrothermal mineral systems.- 4. Intrusion-related hydrothermal mineral systems.- 5. Porphyry systems; fossil and active epithermal systems.- 6. Skarn systems.- 7. Submarine hydrothermal mineral systems.- 8. Metalliferous sediments and sedimentary rock-hosted stratiform and/or stratabound hydrothermal mineral systems.- 9. Orogenic, amagmatic and hydrothermal mineral systems of uncertain origin.- 10. Hydrothermal systems and the biosphere.- 11. Hydrothermal processes associated with meteorite impacts. 12. Hydrothermal processes and systems on other planets and satellites.- 13. Uranium hydrothermal mineral systems.- Index

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Foreword by Peter A. Cawood
Acknowledgements.
1. Water and hydrothermal fluids on Earth
2. Hydrothermal processes and wall rock alteration
3. Tectonic settings, geodynamics and temporal evolution of hydrothermal mineral systems
4. Intrusion-related hydrothermal mineral systems
5. Porphyry systems; fossil and active epithermal systems
6. Skarn systems
7. Submarine hydrothermal mineral systems
8. Metalliferous sediments and sedimentary rock-hosted stratiform and/or stratabound hydrothermal mineral systems
9. Orogenic, amagmatic and hydrothermal mineral systems of uncertain origin
10. Hydrothermal systems and the biosphere
11. Hydrothermal processes associated with meteorite impacts
12. Hydrothermal processes and systems on other planets and satellites
13. Uranium hydrothermal mineral systems
References.
Index

Pressestimmen

Aus den Rezensionen:
"... widmet sich beschreibend ... Hydrothemalsystemen mit ihren Mineralisationen ... Druck, Papier, Druck der Abbildungen und sorgfältige Durchsicht führten zu einer Buchqualität, wie man sie bei Springer-Lehr- und Handbüchern gewohnt ist. ... Das vorliegende ... händliche und übersichtlich gestaltete Handbuch ist vor allem für Wissenschaftler der Geo- und Biowissenschaften gedacht und im Besonderen auch für solche, die an Minerallagerstatten ... arbeiten. ... eine wertvolle Hilfe und Quelle fast unüberschaubarer Informationen aller Art. ... ein umfangreiches, reichhaltiges, aktuelles, modernes, gutgestaltetes und daher uneingeschränkt empfehlenswertes Handbuch ..." (in: Zentralblatt Geologie und Paläontologie Teil II, Month 2009, Issue 5/6, S. 950 f.)
EAN: 9781402086120
ISBN: 1402086121
Untertitel: Auflage 2009. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2008
Seitenanzahl: 1250 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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