Risk Balance & Security

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Juli 2007



This book is unique in that an attempt has been made to capture the interdisciplinary realities facing public security today, and the means in which a risk balance is evident in the security decisions made to deal with crime, terrorist activities and environmental disasters.


Chapter One: The Centrality of Security
Security Matters
Risk Positions
Approaching Security
Modelling Security
Studying Security from Many Perspectives
Notes to Chapter 1
Chapter Two: Values and Choices in Constructing Security
The Values of Security
The Invention of Risk Society
The Context of Risk Society
Applying Risk Society to Risk Balance
Culture and Messages About Security
Judging Hazards, Threats, and Risks
Routines, Experts, and Trust
Types of Resources
Security From What?
Security for Whom?
Notes to Chapter 2
Chapter Three: Crime and Security
How Much Crime and How Can It Be Addressed
Policing and Crime Risk
Protecting the Public: Community Policing and Intelligence-Led Policing
Who Polices Whom?
Security Against Crime
Profiling Offenders
Profiling Victims
Assessing Crime Information
Profiling Routines, Spaces, and Places
Preventing Crime?
Crime Events and Risk Balance
Notes to Chapter 3
Chapter Four: Modern Terrorism
Terrorism and Security
Who Are the Terrorists and What Threat Do They Pose?
Who "We" Are
Intelligence: Information and Knowledge
"We Have Some Planes..."
Dealing With Vulnerability
Identification of Vulnerability and Vulnerability-Producting Mechanisms
Raising Awareness of Vulnerabiity
Accurate Information
Readiness and Response
Notes to Chapter 4
Chapter Five: Landscapes of Security: Health and the Environment
The Physical Landscape: Health
In Sickness and in Health
Jurisdiction and Spillover Effects
Brakes and Accelerators in the Local and Global Health Environments
Terrorist Events as Health Events
The Physical Landscape: The Environment
Defining Environmental Security
Power and Knowledge
The Blurry Boundaries Between Natural, Man-Made, and Other Disasters
The Evolution of Disaster
The Evolution of Hurricane Katrina
The Mitigation Stage
The Preparedness Stage
The Response Stage
The Recovery Stage
The Complications of Hurricane Katrina
Vulnerable Risk Positions
Communication Breakdowns
Failed Leadership
Notes to Chapter 5
Chapter Six: The Stages of Risk Balance and Security
Preparedness and Readiness
Crisis Drills and Table Top Exercises: Imagining Dire Consequences
Cross-Agency Cooperation
First Responders and Victims
Leadership in Response
The Media and Response Coordination
Recovery and Prevention
Goverment Compensation
Returning to Normal: Re-Establishing Routines
Notes to Chapter 6
Chapter Seven: Concluding Thoughts
Becoming Secure: What Have We Learned?
Establishing Security
Practical Steps to Security
Principle 1. Choise
Principle 2. Decision-Making
Principle 3. Cooperation
Principle 4. Planning
Principle 5. Institutional Learning
Principle 6. Communication
Concluding Thoughts
Note to Chapter 7
Suggested Readings
About the Authors


Erin Gibbs Van Brunschot is an Associate Professor of Sociology and Associate Dean of Social Sciences at the University of Calgary, Canada. She received her BA and MA in Sociology from the University of Calgary, and her PhD from the University of Alberta. Her research focuses on the concept of risk as it primarily applies to criminal offending and victimization. Her current research projects include an examination of how past experiences with various types of hazards influence self-protective behavior and expectations for the future, and the means by which individual and institutional efforts to enhance security work together and/or at cross-purposes. She has published articles in such journals as the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, Alberta Journal of Educational Research, Women and Criminal Justice, British Journal of Criminology and has made major contributions in books such as Juvenile Delinquency by Creechan and Silverman; Crime in Canadian Society 6th edition by Silverman, Teevan, and Sacco; The Process and Structure of Crime by Meier, Kennedy, and Sacco; and the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment by Levinson.
EAN: 9781412940696
ISBN: 1412940699
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Juli 2007
Seitenanzahl: 239 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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