## Beschreibung

### Beschreibung

" ... many eminent scholars, endowed with great geometric talent, make a point of never disclosing the simple and direct ideas that guided them, subordinating their elegant results to abstract general theories which often have no application outside the particular case in question. Geometry was becoming a study of algebraic, differential or partial differential equations, thus losing all the charm that comes from its being an art." H. Lebesgue, Ler;ons sur les Constructions Geometriques, Gauthier Villars, Paris, 1949. This book is based on lecture courses given to final-year students at the Uni versity of Nottingham and to M.Sc. students at the University of the West Indies in an attempt to reverse the process of expurgation of the geometry component from the mathematics curricula of universities. This erosion is in sharp contrast to the situation in research mathematics, where the ideas and methods of geometry enjoy ever-increasing influence and importance. In the other direction, more modern ideas have made a forceful and beneficial impact on the geometry of the ancients in many areas. Thus trigonometry has vastly clarified our concept of angle, calculus has revolutionised the study of plane curves, and group theory has become the language of symmetry.### Inhaltsverzeichnis

1 Metric Spaces and their Groups.- 1.1 Metric Spaces.

- 1.2 Isometries.

- 1.3 Isometries of the Real Line.

- 1.4 Matters Arising.

- 1.5 Symmetry Groups.- 2 Isometries of the Plane.

- 2.1 Congruent Triangles.

- 2.2 Isometries of Different Types.

- 2.3 The Normal Form Theorem.

- 2.4 Conjugation of Isometries.- 3 Some Basic Group Theory.

- 3.1 Groups.

- 3.2 Subgroups.

- 3.3 Factor Groups.

- 3.4 Semidirect Products.- 4 Products of Reflections.

- 4.1 The Product of Two Reflections.

- 4.2 Three Reflections.

- 4.3 Four or More.- 5 Generators and Relations.

- 5.1 Examples.

- 5.2 Semidirect Products Again.

- 5.3 Change of Presentation.

- 5.4 Triangle Groups.

- 5.5 Abelian Groups.- 6 Discrete Subgroups of the Euclidean Group.

- 6.1 Leonardo's Theorem.

- 6.2 A Trichotomy.

- 6.3 Friezes and Their Groups.

- 6.4 The Classification.- 7 Plane Crystallographic Groups: OP Case.

- 7.1 The Crystallographic Restriction.

- 7.2 The Parameter n.

- 7.3 The Choice of b.

- 7.4 Conclusion.- 8 Plane Crystallographic Groups: OR Case.

- 8.1 A Useful Dichotomy.

- 8.2 The Case n =

1.

- 8.3 The Case n =

2.

- 8.4 The Case n = 4.

- 8.5 The Case n =

3.

- 8.6 The Case n = 6.- 9 Tessellations of the Plane.

- 9.1 Regular Tessellations.

- 9.2 Descendants of (4, 4).

- 9.3 Bricks.

- 9.4 Split Bricks.

- 9.5 Descendants of (3, 6).- 10 Tessellations of the Sphere.

- 10.1 Spherical Geometry.

- 10.2 The Spherical Excess.

- 10.3 Tessellations of the Sphere.

- 10.4 The Platonic Solids.

- 10.5 Symmetry Groups.- 11 Triangle Groups.

- 11.1 The Euclidean Case.

- 11.2 The Elliptic Case.

- 11.3 The Hyperbolic Case.

- 11.4 Coxeter Groups.- 12 Regular Polytopes.

- 12.1 The Standard Examples.

- 12.2 The Exceptional Types in Dimension Four.

- 12.3 Three Concepts and a Theorem.

- 12.4 Schläfli's Theorem.- Solutions.- Guide to the Literature.- Index of Notation.

### Pressestimmen

From the reviews:MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

"This book is an inviting exposition to basic group theory and geometry and the close relationship between both in the context of studying symmetries. The approach taken by the author as well as the topics included and the many exercises present make it an excellent book for undergraduates, and not only in mathematics...The contents, the style, the accessibility, the examples and exercises and to do's make this book a highly recommended introductory work for anybody having an interest in understanding geometrical ideas through a group theory language."

"The study of symmetry by means of group theory is an especially suited topic for undergraduates. The author treats mainly plane geometry ... . The group theoretical material is developed from scratch and goes finally beyond the usual topics ... . Also the throughout consequent use of group theoretic arguments is not commonplace. All in all a very recommendable book for undergraduates." (G. Kowol, Monatshefte für Mathematik, Vol. 139 (1), 2003)

"D. L. Johnson's Symmetries is based on lecture courses for mathematics students at Nottingham University and at the University of the West Indies, and is written in a friendly style. Some sections will also be of interest to physicists and crystallographers. Prerequisite knowledge is limited to a good understanding of sets and functions ... . Each chapter has a number of exercises." (Nigel Steele, Times Higher Education Supplement, November, 2002)

"This book is an inviting exposition to basic group theory and geometry and the close relationship between both in the context of studying symmetries. The approach taken by the author as well as the topics included and the many exercises present make it an excellent book for undergraduates, and not only in mathematics. ... The contents, the style, the accessibility, the examples and the exercises and to do's make this book a highly recommended introductory work ... ." (Paul Igodt, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2001 m)

"The book studies geometry via group theory to express geometric ideas. ... It offers complete derivation and classification of the 17 plane crystallographic groups and guides suggestion to further reading. Each chapter contains a number of exercises, most with solutions. This book is suitable for all undergraduate geometry courses and for architects, physicists and crystallographers needing an understanding of 3-dimensional geometry, symmetry and trigonometry." (Jozef Fiamcik, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 980, 2002)

"The main object of study for this book is geometry, with group theory providing an appropriate language in which to express geometrical ideas. Key features include: An overview of the preliminaries from group theory and geometry; ... a clear and complete derivation and classification of the 17 plane crystallographic groups; tessellations of various spaces (they are constructed, described and classified), a brief introduction to hyperbolic geometry. Each chapter contains a number of exercises, most with solutions, and suggestions for background, alternative and further reading." (L'Enseignement Mathematique, Vol. 47 (3-4), 2001)

EAN: 9781852332709

ISBN: 1852332700

Untertitel: 'Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series'.
1st ed. 2001. Corr. 2nd printing 2002.
60 Abbildungen.
Sprache: Englisch.

Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH

Erscheinungsdatum: Dezember 2002

Seitenanzahl: XI

Format: kartoniert

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