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The Role of KATP Channels in Models of Midbrain Dopaminergic Neuron Loss


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Mai 2008

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

The dopaminergic neurons of the ventral midbrain (mesDA neurons) form several distinct sub-populations which are involved in emotional control, reward behaviour and motor control. In patients with Parkinson`s Disease, the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra, pars compacta (SNpc) gradually die. One focus of research has been to find an explanation why the SNpc neurons are more vulnerable to cellular stress than other neuronal populations. KATP channels consist of Sur1 or 2 and Kir6.1 or 6.2 subunits and link the metabolic state of a cell to its membrane potential. Hypothetically, the normal open-closed state of KATP channels might influence cellular survival when the mesDA neurons are under oxidative stress. In this work, I show that blocking KATP channels in vitro by pharmaceutical means has a positive effect on cell survival when mesDA are under oxidative stress. Conversely, forced activation of KATP channels under these conditions leads to an increased rate of cell death. This highlights the importance of KATP channel function and may give a new direction in the development of drugs targeting Parkinson`s disease.


Portrait

Christian Scholz studied biology in Darmstadt and Heidelberg and specialized after his diploma in developmental neurobiology and basic research on Parkinson`s Disease. The work presented here discusses the results of his PhD thesis.
EAN: 9783639032192
ISBN: 3639032195
Untertitel: Open Probability Influences Neuron Survival in Vitro. Paperback. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: VDM Verlag
Erscheinungsdatum: Mai 2008
Seitenanzahl: 132 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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