Fear of Freedom

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April 2008



Carlo Levi was a painter, writer, and antifascist Italian from a Jewish family, and his political activism forced him into exile for most of the Second World War. While in exile, he wrote Christ Stopped at Eboli, a memoir, and Fear of Freedom, a philosophical meditation on humanity's flight from moral and spiritual autonomy and our resulting loss of self and creativity. Brooding on what surely appeared to be the decline, if not the fall of Europe, Levi locates the human abdication of responsibility in organized religion and its ability to turn the sacred into the sacrificial. In doing so, he references the entire intellectual and cultural estate of Western civilization, from the Bible and Greek mythology to Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. This edition features newly published pieces of Levi's artwork and the first English translation of his essay "Fear of Painting," which was appended to a later publication of the work. It also includes an introduction that discusses Levi's life and enduring legacy. Written as war clouds were gathering over Europe, Fear of Freedom not only addresses a specific moment in history and a universal, timeless condition, but it is also a powerful indictment of our contemporary moral and political failures.


List of IllustrationsTranslator's PrefaceAuthor's PrefaceAcknowledgmentsIntroduction. The Fear of Freedom and the Eternal Tendency Toward Fascism, by Stanislao G. PuglieseChronology of Carlo Levi's Life1. Ab Jove Principium2. Sacrifice3. Love Sacred and Profane4. Slavery5. The Muses6. Blood7. Mass8. Sacred HistoryFear of PaintingSelect Bibliography


Carlo Levi and Edited by Stanislao G. Pugliese. Translated by Adolphe Gourevitch


"Carlo Levi affirms the aversion against the abstractly ferocious State that makes people an indistinct material unity and enslaves them. He also criticizes religion, which only creates myths and rituals in place of the sacred. For the author, freedom is consciousness of reality; it is knowledge. To avoid the loss of autonomy and the independence of individuals and society, it is necessary to interrogate ourselves constantly on the meaning of freedom. The concept of freedom must continuously be rethought through social and cultural forces: only in this way can humanity indeed be free of fear." -- Valdo Spini
EAN: 9780231139960
ISBN: 0231139969
Untertitel: Empfohlen ab 22 Jahre. Revised. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: April 2008
Seitenanzahl: 176 Seiten
Übersetzer/Sprecher: Übersetzt von Adolphe Gourevitch
Format: gebunden
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