BeschreibungThe very concept of human rights implies governmental accountability. To ensure that governments are indeed held accountable for their treatment of citizens and others the United Nations has established a wide range of mechanisms to monitor compliance, and to seek to prevent as well as respond to violations. The panoply of implementation measures that the UN has taken since 1945 has resulted in a diverse and complex set of institutional arrangements, the effectiveness of which varies widely. Indeed, there is much doubt as to the effectiveness of much of the UN's human rights efforts. Inevitable instances of politicization and the hostile, or at best ambivalent, attitude of most governments, has often endangered the fragile progress made on the more technical fronts. In addition to significant actual and potential problems of duplication, overlapping and inconsistent approaches, there are major problems of under-funding and insufficient expertise. The complexity of these arrangements and the difficulty in evaluating their impact makes a comprehensive guide of the type provided here all the more indispensable. These essays critically examine the functions, procedures, and performance of each of the major UN organs dealing with human rights, including the Security Council and the International Court of Justice as well as the more specialized bodies monitoring the implementation of human rights treaties. Significant attention is devoted to the considerable efforts at reforming the UN's human rights machinery, as illustrated most notably by the creation of the Human Rights Council to replace the Commission on Human Rights. The book also looks at the relationship between the various bodies and the potential for major reforms and restructuring.
PortraitPhilip Alston is an international lawyer whose teaching focuses primarily on human rights law and the law of international organizations. He directs the recently-established NYU Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, part of the Institute for International Law and Justice. He is currently John Norton Pomeroy Professor of Law, NYU School of Law.
Frédéric Mégret is an Assistant-Professor at the Faculty of Law of McGill University and the Canada Research Chair in the Law of Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. He holds a Phd in international law from the Université Panthéon-Sorbonne and the Graduate Institute of International Studies of the University of Geneva. He is a graduate suma cum laude of Sciences Po Paris and the author of many articles on international human rights law, public international law,
international criminal law and the laws of war.
PressestimmenReview from other book by this author ... an excellent study of the many different aspects of human rights in the EU ... The volume is all the more interesting since it has a multidisciplinary approach. It does not only focus on legal aspects of human rights policies, but also deals with anthropological, social and political views on the EU and human rights. ... exceptional ... Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 8MJ2 (2001)
Untertitel: A Critical Appraisal. 2nd edition. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Oxford University Press
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2016
Seitenanzahl: 800 Seiten