The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks
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BeschreibungThis volume offers an ambitious and comprehensive overview of the unprecedented advances as well as the setbacks in the post-1978 wave of democratization. It explains the sea change from a region dominated by authoritarian regimes to one in which openly authoritarian regimes are the rare exception, and analyzes why some countries have achieved striking gains in democratization while others have experienced erosions. The book presents general theoretical arguments about what causes and sustains democracy in its analysis of nine theoretically compelling country cases.
InhaltsverzeichnisIntroduction: the third wave of democratization in Latin America Scott Mainwaring and Frances Hagopian; 1. Latin American democratization since 1978: democratic transitions, breakdowns, and erosions Scott Mainwaring and Anibal Perez-Linan; Part I. Three Democratic Giants with Authoritarian Pasts: Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico: 2. Argentina: democratic survival amidst economic failure Steven Levitsky; 3. The growing sustainability of Brazil's low-quality democracy Kurt Weyland; 4. The demise of Mexico's one-party dominant regime: elite choices and the masses in the establishment of democracy Beatriz Magaloni; Part II. Unexpected Democracies in Unlikely Countries: Bolivia, El Salvador, and Guatemala: 5. Bolivia's democracy at the crossroads Rene Antonio Mayorga; 6. Challenges to political democracy in El Salvador Elisabeth Jean Wood; 7. Democracy on ice: the multiple challenges of Guatemala's peace process Mitchell A. Seligson; Part III. Democratic Erosion in The Third Wave: Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela: 8. From 'restricted' to 'besieged': the changing nature of the limits to democracy in Colombia Ana Maria Bejarano and Eduardo Pizarro; 9. Peru 1980-2000: chronicle of a death foretold? determinism, political decisions, and open outcomes Martin Tanaka; 10. Explaining democratic deterioration in Venezuela through nested inference Michael Coppedge; Part IV. Conclusions: 11. Conclusions: Government performance, political representation, and public perceptions of contemporary democracy in Latin America Frances Hagopian.
PortraitFrances Hagopian is the Michael P. Grace II Associate Professor of Latin American Studies in the Department of Political Science, and former Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, at the University of Notre Dame. She is the author of Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil (Cambridge University Press, 1996), which was named a Choice Outstanding Book in Comparative Politics, and several articles on democratization that have appeared in World Politics, Comparative Political Studies, and several other publications. Her current research focuses on economic liberalization and political representation in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Mexico. Hagopian previously taught at Harvard, Tufts, and MIT, and she has held fellowships from the Center for Latin American Studies and Howard Heinz Endowment of the University of Pittsburgh, the Social Science Research Council and the American Council of Learned Societies, and the U.S. Department of Education (the Fulbright-Hays program). She is a member of the Council of the American Political Science Association, and the editorial boards of PS: Political Science and Latin American Politics and Society. Scott P. Mainwaring is Eugene Conley Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame and Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies. Among his books are Democratic Accountability in Latin America, Christian Democracy in Latin America, Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: the Case of Brazil, Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America. He received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowship in 2000 for work on a project on authoritarianism and democracy in Latin America, 1945-2000.
Pressestimmen'... excellent example of theorizing about Latin America's most pressing policy dilemmas ... demonstrates a series of theoretical purpose that belies the lingering misperception that 'barefoot empiricists' dominate the field. Specialists, students and laypersons alike will have plenty to reflect upon.' Development and Change 'This book is an excellent contribution to the debate on democracy in Latin America. ... can be used by academics and students to the extent that the book offers deep, comprehensive and clear analysis of recent political events in the region.' Political Studies Review
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 2005
Seitenanzahl: 413 Seiten