The Functional Roles of Glial Cells in Health and Disease
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BeschreibungThirty-five years ago, when Stephen Kuffler and his colleagues at Harvard initiated a new era of research on the properties and functions of neuroglial cells, very few neuro scientists were impressed at the time with the hypothesis that neuroglial cells could have another, though more subtle, role to play in the nervous system than to provide static support to neurons. Today, very few neuroscientists are unaware of the fact that multiple interactions between neurons and glial cells have been described, and that they consti tute the basis for understanding the function and the pathology of the nervous system. Glial cells outnumber neurons and make up about one-half of the bulk of the nervous system. They are divided into two major classes: first, the macroglia, which include astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system, and the Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system; and second, the microglial cells. These different classes of glial cells have different functions and contribute in different ways in the devel opment, function, and the pathology of the nervous system.
InhaltsverzeichnisPreface. List of Contributors.
Part I: Glial Cell Development.
1. Developmental regulation in the Schwann cell lineage; K.R. Jessen, R. Mirsky.
2. Transcriptional regulation of the POU gene Oct-6 in Schwann cells; W. Mandemakers, et al.
3. Glia development in the embryonic CNS of Drosophila; C. Klambt, et al.
4. Role and mechanism of action of glial cell deficient/glial cell missing (glide/gcm), the fly glial promoting factor; A.A. Miller, et al.
Part II: Glia in Neurotransmission, Neuromodulation and Neuron Survival.
5. Expression and functional analysis of glutamate receptors in glial cells; D.F. Condorelli, et al.
6. Astrocytes as active participants of glutamatergic function and regulators of its homeostasis; P. Bezzi, et al.
7. Glia-neuron interaction by high-affinity glutamate transporters in neurotransmission; T. Rauen, et al.
8. On how altered glutamate homeostasis may contribute to demyelinating diseases of the CNS; C. Matute, et al.
9. Possible role of microglial prostanoids and free radicals in neuroprotection and neurodegeneration; L. Minghetti, et al.
Part III: Glia, Inflammation and Cytokines.
10. The role of microglia and astrocytes in CNS immune surveillance and immunopathology; F. Aloisi.
11. The role of chemokines in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis; M.N. Woodroofe, et al.
12. Humoral and cellular immune functions of cytokine-treated Schwann cells; G. Wohlleben, et al.
13. Axotomy-induced glial reactions in normal and cytokine transgenic mice; B. Finsen, et al. Part IV: Glia in CNS Plasticity and Regeneration.
14. Contribution of astrocytes to activity-dependent structural plasticity in the adult brain; D.T. Theodosis, et al.
15. The role of oligodendrocytes and oligodendrocyte progenitors in CNS remyelination; H.S. Keirstead, W.F. Blakemore.
16. Growth promoting and inhibitory effects of glial cells in the mammalian nervous system; S. Hirsch, M. Bähr.
17. Neurite outgrowth inhibitors in gliotic tissue; M. Nieto-Sampedro.
Part V: Transgenic Models of Human Myelin Diseases.
18. Connexin32 in hereditary neuropathies; D.H.H. Neuberg, U. Suter.
19. Genetic analysis of myelin galactolipid function; B. Popko, et al.
20. Transgenic models of TNF-induced demyelination; K. Akassoglou, et al.
21. Dysmyelination in mice and the proteolipid protein gene family; L. Dimou, et al.
Part VI: Neuron-glial Communication: Neurotrophins and Cell Adhesion Molecules.
22. Neurotrophins in cell survival/death decisions; P. Casaccia-Bonnefil, et al.
23. Neuregulin in neuron/glial interactions in the central nervous system: GGF2 diminishes autoimmune demyelination, promotes oligodendrocyte progenitor expansion and enhances remyelination; M.A. Marchionni, et al.
24. Adhesion molecule expression and phenotype of glial cells in the olfactory tract; S.C. Barnett, I.A. Franceschini.
25. Bidirectional signaling between neurons and glial cells via the F3 neuronal adhesion molecule; J.-M. Revest.
Part VII: Connexins and Information Transfer Through Glia. 26
Untertitel: Dialogue between Glia and Neurons. 'Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology'. 1999. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 1999
Seitenanzahl: 404 Seiten