The Exploitation of Mammal Populations

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August 1996



Human exploitation of other mammals has passed through three histori­ cal phases, distinct in their ecological significance though overlapping in time. Initially, Homo sapiens was a predator, particularly of herbivores but also of fur-bearing predators. From about 11 000 years ago, goats and sheep were domesticated in the Middle East, rapidly replacing gazelles and other game as the principal source of meat. The principal crops, including wheat and barley, were taken into agriculture at about the same time, and the resulting Neolithic farming culture spread slowly from there over the subsequent 10 500 years. In a few places such as Mexico, Peru and China, this Middle Eastern culture met and merged with agricultural traditions that had made a similar but independent transition. These agricultural traditions provided the essential support for the industrial revolution, and for a third phase of industrial exploita­ tion of mammals. In this chapter, these themes are drawn out and their ecological signifi­ cance is investigated. Some of the impacts of humans on other mammals require consideration on a world-wide basis, but the chapter concen­ trates, parochially, on Great Britain. What have been the ecological consequences of our exploitation of other mammals? 2. 2 HISTORICAL PHASES OF EXPLOITATION 2. 2. 1 Predatory man Our nearest relatives - chimpanzees, orang utans and gorillas - are essentially forest species, deriving most of their diet from the fruits of forest trees and the shoots and leaves of plants.


Preface and acknowledgments. Exploitation of mammal
populations: past, present and future: The exploitation, sustainable
use and
welfare of wild mammals. Historical dichotomies in the
of mammals. The wild fur trade: historical and
perspectives. Assessing the impacts of uses of mammals:
the good, the
bad and the neutral. Harvesting wild mammal
populations: Game
ranching. Status and exploitation of the saiga
antelope in Kalmykia.
Capybara use and conservation in South America.
Sustainable use of
whales: whaling or whale watching? Hunting and its
impact on
wildlife: The impact of game meat hunting on target and
species in the Serengeti. Subsistence hunting and mammal
in a Kenyan coastal forest: Resolving a conflict. The
impact of sport
hunting: a case study. Studies of English red deer
subjected to hunting-to-hounds. Wildlife trade and
Zimbabwe: a model for the sustainable use of wildlife
and the
development of innovative wildlife management practices.
utilization: the lessons of history. Wildlife trade - a
conserver or
exploiter? Tiger poaching - road to extinction. The
exploitation of
Asian elephants. Ecotourism: making mammal
populations pay. The
impact of ecotourism development on the
distribution, status and
activity of rainforest mammals in the Manu
National Park, Peru.
Ecotourism and mountain gorillas in the Virunga
Volcanoes. Use,
misuse, and abuse of the orang utan - exploitation as
a threat or the
only real salvation? Elephant family values. Human
disturbance of
cetaceans. Index.




...presents clear and well written papers on a variety of aspects of importance and certainly presents a number of issues that require current and future serious consideration...- Journal of Animal Ecology
EAN: 9780412644207
ISBN: 0412644207
Untertitel: 1996. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: August 1996
Seitenanzahl: 444 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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