The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers
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BeschreibungHunting and gathering is humanity's first and most successful adaptation. Until 12,000 years ago, all humanity lived this way. Surprisingly, in an increasingly urbanized and technological world dozens of hunting and gathering societies have persisted and thrive worldwide, resilient in the face of change, their ancient ways now combined with the trappings of modernity. The Encyclopedia is divided into three parts. The first contains case studies, by leading experts, of over fifty hunting and gathering peoples, in seven major world regions. There is a general introduction and an archaeological overview for each region. Part II contains thematic essays on prehistory, social life, gender, music and art, health, religion, and indigenous knowledge. The final part surveys the complex histories of hunter-gatherers' encounters with colonialism and the state, and their ongoing struggles for dignity and human rights as part of the worldwide movement of indigenous peoples.
InhaltsverzeichnisForeword Beatrice Medicine; Introduction: foragers and others Richard B. Lee and Richard Daly; Part I. Ethnographies: I.I North America; Introduction Harvey A. Feit; Archaeology Aubrey Cannon; Blackfoot/Plains Alice B. Kehoe; James Bay Cree Harvey A. Feit; Slavey Dene Michael Asch and Shirleen Smith; Innu Jose Mailhot; Caribou Inuit Ernest S. Burch Jr and Yvon Csonka; Inupiat Rosita Worl; Timbisha Shoshone Catherine S. Fowler; Witsuwite'en and Gitxsan Richard Daly; I.II South America; Introduction Laura M. Rival; Archaeology Anna C. Roosevelt; Ache Kim Hill and A. Magdalena Hurtado; Cuiva Bernard Arcand; Huaorani Laura M. Rival; Siriono William Balee; Toba Gaston Gordillo; Yamana Hernan J. Vidal; I.III North Eurasia; Introduction Victor A. Shnirelman and Bruce Grant; Archaeology Victor A. Shnirelman; Ainu Tom G. Svensson; Chuckhi and Yupik Peter P. Schweitzer; Evenki David G. Anderson; Itenm'i Victor A. Shnirelman; Iukagir Anton M. Ivanov; Ket Evgeniia A. Alekseenko; Khanti Evdokiia A. Nemysova, Dennis Bartels and Alice Bartels; Nia (Nganasan) Andrei V. Golovnev; Nivkh Bruce Grant; I.IV Africa; Introduction Robert K. Hitchcock; Archaeology Peter Robertshaw; Aka Pygmies Serge Bahuchet; /Gui and//Gana Jiro Tanaka and Kazuyoshi Sugawara; Hadza Bwire Kaare and James Woodburn; Ju'hoansi Megan Biesele and Kxao Royal-/o//oo; Mbuti Mitsuo Ichikawa; Mikea Robert L. Kelly, Jean-Francois Rabedimy and Lin Poyer; Okiek Corinne A. Kratz; Tyua Robert K. Hitchcock; I.V South Asia; Introduction Nurit Bird-David; Archaeology Kathleen Morrison; Andaman Islanders Vishvajit Pandya; Birhor Ashim K. Adhikary; Chenchu Mark Turin; Nayaka Nurit Bird-David; Paliyan Peter M. Gardner; Hill Pandaram Brian Morris; Winniyala-aetto Wiveca Stegeborn; I.VI SouthEast Asia; Introduction Kirk Endicott; Archaeology Peter Bellwood; Agta P. Bion Griffin and Marcus B. Griffin; Batak James F. Eder; Batek Kirk Endicott; Dulong Encheng Song and Chen Shen; Jahai Cornelia M. I. Van Der Sluys; Western Penan J. Peter Brosius I.VII Australia; Introduction Nicolas Peterson; Archaeology M. A. Smith; Arrente John Morton; Cape York peoples David F. Martin; Kimberley peoples Sandy Toussaint; Ngarrindjeri Robert Tonkinson; Pintupi Fred R. Myers; Tiwi Jane C. Goodale; Torres Strait Islanders Jeremy Beckett; Warlpiri Francoise Dussart; Yolngu Ian Keen; Part II. Special Topic Essays: II.I Hunter-gatherers, History and Social Theory; Images of hunters and gatherers in European social thought Alan Barnard; Archaeology and evolution of hunters and gatherers Andrew B. Smith; Hunter-gatherers and the mythology of the market John Gowdy; On the social relations of the hunter-gatherer band Tim Ingold; II.II Facets of hunter-gatherer life in cross cultural perspective; Gender relations in hunter-gatherer societies Karen L. Endicott; Ecological/cosmological knowledge and land management among hunter-gatherers Catherine S. Fowler and Nancy J. Turner; From totemism to shamanism: hunter-gatherer contributions to world mythology and spirituality Mathias Guenther; From primitive to pop: foraging and post-foraging hunter-gatherer music Victor Barac; Traditional and modern visual art of hunting and gathering peoples Howard Morphy; Hunter-gatherers and human health S. Boyd Eaton, Stanley B. Eaton III; II.III Hunter-gatherers in a global world; The Tasaday controversy Gerald D. Berreman; Hunter-gatherers and the colonial encounter John H. Bodley; Hunter-gatherer peoples and nation-states David S. Trigger; Indigenous peoples' rights and the struggle for survival Robert K. Hitchcock; Indigenous peoples' organizations and advocacy groups; Index.
PortraitRichard B. Lee is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto, author of The !Kung San (1979) and The Dobe Ju'hoansi (second edition, 1993), and co-editor, with Irven Devore, of Man and Hunter (1968) and Kalahari Hunter-Gatherers (1976), and, with Eleanor Leacok, of Politics and History in Band Societies (1982). Richard Daly is a freelance anthropologist, who has spent the past decade working on aboriginal rights cases in British Columbia, Canada. He is the author of a three-volume unpublished report, "Stol:o: The River People" (1993), and co-author of They Write Their Dreams on Rock Forever (1993).
Pressestimmen'Any collection supporting the study of culture will need this book.' Choice 'This is the most voluminous source available on modern hunter-gatherer societies with many excellent and readily accessible contributions.' Thomas Widlok, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 'The encyclopedia sheds a respectful and objective light on the Earth's indigenous peoples, who look to the future as well as to the past.' Margaret Smith 'A gold mine of information ... there is something in this volume for everyone. Scholars of religion will certainly find a wealth of information on mythology, cosmology, ritual practice, and sacred art. This is a book that should be on the reference shelf of every academic library catering to the needs of social scientists and humanists.' Religious Studies Review 'This is an important and fascinating work. The numerous black-and-white photographs, drawings, and maps are excellent and well placed. The bibliographies at the end of each chapter, along with filmographies of the various native groups, are convenient springboards for further research.' Libraries Unlimited 'The case studies are thorough and should provide anthropologists, and those with a specific interest in hunter-gathering society, with an excellent insight into the history, culture and society of the peoples ... excellent resource or scholars. It has been well researched and written, allowing the reader to undertake a serious study of the few remaining hunter gathering people in the world in the twenty-first century.' Reference Reviews 'The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Hunters and Gatherers gives a wealth of information on this important basic way of life ... this is a handy and clearly arranged work that gives a lot of information and references. what strikes is that this encyclopaedia is not just a dry work to search for information bit it is also well written and really enjoyable to read.' www.PalArch.nl '... contributes significantly to our understanding of the decision-making and flexibility of foragers in a changing world, and also the particular contribution of southern African groups towards a universal application and understanding of forager ideology and social relations ... images bring to life the places and people described in the text. It is a scholarly work, but aimed at a wide audience ... stimulating and highly readable text.' South African Archaeological Bulletin 'As a general introduction to the field of hunter-gather studies, this encyclopaedia is an invaluable resource. Each chapter contains extensive reading lists to guide the general student towards further studies. The introduction to the volume is incomparable. ... This introduction alone would be an excellent resource for undergraduate anthropology students. ... This extensive piece of work, containing 128 illustrations and sixteen maps, is a must for any anthropological bookshelf, providing an introduction to specific hunter-gather groups, and presenting some of the most recent ideas in hunter-gatherer studies.' Journal of Social Anthropology
Untertitel: 122 b/w illus. 16 maps. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Cambridge University Press
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2004
Seitenanzahl: 534 Seiten