Quantum Computing and Communications

€ 84,99
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Mai 1999



The first handbook to provide a comprehensive inter-disciplinary overview of QCC. It includes peer-reviewed definitions of key terms such as Quantum Logic Gates, Error Correction, Quantum Dots, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Quantum Holography, and Quantum Cryptography. There are also reports on major application areas, principles of QCC, and targets, benchmarks and challenges, making this an invaluable buy for any university department with this exciting new topic in its curriculum. It equally provides a unique overview of a fast-moving and multidisciplinary topic for researchers, students, lecturers, and even the interested amateur.


Section I A Wide Perspective.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Exploiting the Quantum World.- 1.2 Historical Background.- 1.3 Worldwide Efforts in QCC.- 2 The Fundamentals of Quantum Information.- 3 Quantum Computer Science.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Algorithms and the Complexity Problem.- 3.3 The Quantum Computation Answer.- 3.4 Quantum Algorithms.- 3.5 Quantum Logic Gates and Networks.- 3.6 Obstacles.- 3.7 A Workable Solution: Quantum Error Correction.- 3.8 Conclusions.- 4 Experimental Realizations.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Trapped Ions.- 4.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.- 4.4 Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics.- 4.5 Quantum Dots.- 5 Optical Technologies for Quantum Computing and Communications.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Using the Quantum Nature of Light.- 5.2.1 Potential.- 5.2.2 Problems.- 5.3 Quantum Noise in Optical Communications.- 5.4 Generic Technologies in Quantum Communications.- 5.4.1 Nonlinear Optics.- 5.4.2 Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics.- 5.5 Operations Performed on Optical Signals.- 5.5.1 Signal Generation.- 5.5.2 Detection.- 5.5.3 Attenuation.- 5.5.4 Distribution.- 5.5.5 Amplification.- 5.6 Conclusions: Towards the Second Generation.- 6 Applications.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Emerging Technologies.- 6.2.1 Quantum Cryptography.- 6.2.2 Quantum Repeaters.- 6.2.3 Quantum Simulators.- 6.2.4 Metrology and Few Photon Applications.- 6.3 Conclusions: Measuring Progress.- 7 A Note on the Question of Scaling: Decoherence and Error Correction.-
Section II Personal Perspectives.- 8 Solid State Quantum Computation: Prospects, Proposals, and Prejudices.- 9 Information is Physical, But Slippery.- 10 Nanocircuitry, Defect Tolerance and Quantum Computing: Architectural and Manufacturing Considerations.- 11 Quantum Computing and NMR.- 12 Quantum Networks and Quantum Algorithms.- 13 Quantum Cryptography.-
Section III A Perspective for the Future.- 14 Realizing the Potential of Quantum Information Processing.- 14.1 Prospects for Quantum Computing.- 14.2 Prospects for Special Applications.- 14.2.1 Quantum Simulation.- 14.2.2 Limited Qubit and Reduced-Noise High Precision Applications.- 14.2.3 Secure Communications.- 14.3 Meeting The Needs of the QIP Field.- 14.3.1 The Need for Academic Focus.- 14.3.2 The Need for Industrial Focus.- 14.3.3 The Need for Awareness.- 15 The Role of Europe.- 15.1 The Pioneering Stage.- 15.2 Today.- 15.2.1 Multi-Disciplinary or Trans-Disciplinary Nature of the Community.- 15.2.2 The Numbers Involved.- 15.2.3 The Geographical Spread.- 15.2.4 The Industrial Scene.- 15.2.5 Summary of the European Scene.- 16 Quantum Computing and Communications: A View from the USA.- 16.1 Introduction.- 16.2 What Works Well.- 16.3 What Does Not Work So Well.- 16.4 NASA/JPL.- 16.5 Lessons Learned from Experience with NASA.- 16.6 Opportunities for Europe.- 16.7 Commercialization.- 16.8 Recommendations.- 16.8.1 Programmatic Recommendations.- 16.8.2 Technology Solutions.- 16.8.3 Quantum Computer Science.- 16.8.4 Education and Training.-
Section IV Reference materials.- 17 Quantum Information Processing: A Brief Overview of Recent Advances.- 17.1 Introduction.- 17.2 The Underlying Physical System.- 17.2.1 Quantum Bits and Quantum Superpositions.- 17.2.2 Quantum Gates.- 17.2.3 Quantum Parallelism.- 17.3 Fundamentals of Quantum Information.- 17.3.1 Entanglement.- 17.3.2 Quantum Dense Coding.- 17.3.3 Quantum Teleportation.- 17.4 Quantum Cryptography.- 17.4.1 Standard Cryptosystems.- 17.4.2 Quantum Key Distribution.- 17.5 Quantum Computing.- 17.5.1 Quantum Algorithms.- 17.5.2 Grover's Search Algorithm.- 17.5.3 Period Finding and Shor's Factorization Algorithm.- 17.5.4 Minimum Requirements for any Quantum System to Be a Quantum Computer.- 17.5.5 Simulation of Other Quantum Systems.- 17.6 Quantum Decoherence.- 17.6.1 What is Decoherence?.- 17.6.2 Quantum Error Correction.- 17.7 Experimental Realizations.- 17.7.1 Systems with Few Degrees of Freedom.- 17.7.2 Macroscopic Systems.- 17.8 Conclusions.- 18 Categories and Definitions.- 18.1 Definitions and Glossary of Terms.- 18.1.1 Definition of Quantum Computing and Communications.- 18.1.2 Sub-Sector Definitions.- 18.1.3 Some Relevant Terms.- 18.2 The Disciplines that Contribute to Quantum Information Processing.- Appendix A The Pathfinder Project.- A.1 Pathfmder Activities.- A.1.1 Newsletters.- A.1.2 Database of Active Individuals and Organizations.- A.1.3 Taxonomy of the Subject.- A.1.4 Helsinki Conference.- A.1.5 QIP Report.- A.2 Pathfinder Project Partners.- Appendix B A Preliminary QIP Roadmap.
EAN: 9781852330910
ISBN: 1852330910
Untertitel: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: Mai 1999
Seitenanzahl: 168 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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