BeschreibungWhile various volumes havepreviously been de bable, answer to this question lies in the obser vation that while whitecaps are some of the voted to such topics as droplets and bubbles, it is our conceit that this is the first volume dedi most apparent features associated with high sea cated to the description of the phenomenon states, they have also pro\'ed to be someofthe of oceanic whitecapping, and to a considera most difficult objects to measure and describe tion of the role these whitecapsplay in satellite quantitatively, and while scientists as a group marine remote sensing, in sea-salt aerosol gene may like to tackle difficult problems, we ration, and in a broad range ofother sea surface should not be accused ofundue modesty when processes. This observation, reOecting in part we observe that as a group we also have a finite the relatively modest attention paid until re tolerance for frustration and ahuman,perhaps cently by the scientific community to white aesthetic, prejudice in favour ofnatural pheno caps, is noteworthy when one considers that mena that are amcnable to detailed description. collectively whitecaps are to thegeneral public It is appropriate to note that Professor Wood one of the most striking features of the sea cock, to whom this volume is dedicated, ap scape.
InhaltsverzeichnisThe life and science of Alfred H. Woodcock.- Scientific papers of Dr Alfred H. Woodcock.- Wave group statistics.- A parameter describing overall conditions of wave breaking, whitecapping, sea-spray production and wind stress.- On Chamock's relation for the roughness at sea.- Bubble clouds: a review of their detection by sonar, of related models, and of how Kv may be determined.- Bubble populations: background and breaking waves.- On reconciling optical and acoustical bubble spectra in the mixed layer.- The contribution of bubbles to gas transfer across an air-water interface.- Oceanic air bubbles as generators of marine aerosols.- Whitecaps, bubbles, and spray.- Statistical aspects of the relationship between oceanic whitecap coverage, wind speed and other environmental factors.- Characteristic features of a wind wave field with occasional breaking, and splashing droplets at high winds.- Surface tension effects in nonlinear waves.- The effect of organic films on water surface motions.- A model of marine aerosol generation via whitecapsand wave disruption.- The production and dispersal of maritime aerosol.- Dynamics and modeling of aerosols in the marine atmospheric boundary layer.- Whitecaps and global fluxes.- Comparisons between electrical processes occurring over land and over water.- Atmospheric electric space charge near the ocean surface.- Satellite measurements of aerosols over ocean surfaces.- Remote sensing signatures of whitecaps.- The influence of whitecaps on the albedo of the sea surface.- Abstracts of Poster Papers.- An attempt to determine the space charge produced by a single whitecap under laboratory conditions.- Acoustic propagation in liquid containing gas bubbles: effect of the bubbles' size and distribution.- The generation, transport and deposition of marine aerosols: a turbulence modeling study.- Momentum flux in wind waves.- Further experiments with a laboratory breaking wave model.- Whitecaps,-m windspeed and marine aerosol inter-relationships as observed during the 1980 STREX experiment.- Aerosol measurements at a remote coastal site.- Bubble coalescence in sea-and freshwater: requisites for an explanation.- The distribution of aerosol over sea and ice.- The complex refractive index of marine aerosol constituents.- Whitecap coverage measurements using an airborne multi-spectral scanner.- Oceanic whitecaps: their effective reflectance.- Aerosol populations in the marine atmosphere.- The influence of fetch on whitecap coverage as deduced from the Alte Weser Light-station observer's log.- The effect of stability on the concentration of aerosol in the marine atmospheric boundary layer.- Sodium chloride and water temperature effects on bubbles.- Bubble generation by surface wave breaking.- Bacterial enrichments in the aerosol from a laboratory breaking wave.- Supplementary Bibliography.
Pressestimmen`...well indexed and includes a very useful supplementary bibliography. It provides an excellent source of references for meteorology and oceanography students and researchers who are involved with the studies on air-sea exchange and on small-scale physical and psychochemical processes near the surface.'
Untertitel: And Their Role in Air-Sea Exchange Processes. 1986. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: April 1986
Seitenanzahl: 310 Seiten