Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment

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Oktober 2005



Sustainability has a major part to play in the global challenge of continued development of regions, countries, and continents all around the World and biological nitrogen fixation has a key role in this process. This volume begins with chapters specifically addressing crops of major global importance, such as soybeans, rice, and sugar cane. It continues with a second important focus, agroforestry, and describes the use and promise of both legume trees with their rhizobial symbionts and other nitrogen-fixing trees with their actinorhizal colonization. An over-arching theme of all chapters is the interaction of the plants and trees with microbes and this theme allows other aspects of soil microbiology, such as interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the impact of soil-stress factors on biological nitrogen fixation, to be addressed. Furthermore, a link to basic science occurs through the inclusion of chapters describing the biogeochemically important nitrogen cycle and its key relationships among nitrogen fixation, nitrification, and denitrification. The volume then provides an up-to-date view of the production of microbial inocula, especially those for legume crops.


Preface to the Series. Preface. List of Contributors. 1: Production and Biological Nitrogen Fixation of Tropical Legumes; D. Werner
1. Introduction
2. Phaseolus sp. and Vigna sp. (Beans)
3. Arachis hypogaea (Groundnut, Peanut)
4. Cicer arietinum (Chickpea)
5. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea)
6. Mucuna pruriens (Velvet bean) and Other Legumes
References 2: Nitrogen Fixation by Soybean in North America; S. G. Pueppke
1. Soybean: Pathways to North America and Establishment as a Crop
2. Soybean Production in North America
3. Major Soybean Cropping Systems
4. Biological Nitrogen Fixation by Soybean in North America
5. Perspectives
References 3: The Importance of Nitrogen Fixation to Soybean Cropping in South America; M. Hungria, J. C. Franchini, R. J. Campo and P. H. Graham
1. Introduction
2. Taxonomy, Origins, and Importance of Soybean
3. Biological Nitrogen Fixation
4. Economic Importance of Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF) in South America
5. Crop Management in South America
6. Final Considerations
References 4: Production, Regional Distribution of Cultivars, and Agricultural Aspects of Soybean in India; S. K. Mahna
1. Introduction and Historical Background
2. All-India Area Coverage, Productivity, and Production of Soybean between 1970- 2003
3. All-India State-wise Area Coverage, Productivity, and Production of Soybean
4. Regional Distribution of Soybean Cultivars
5. Regional Agricultural Aspects of Soybean Cultivation
References 5: Soybean Cultivation and BNF in China; J. E. Ruiz Sainz, J. C. Zhou, D.-N. Rodriguez-Navarro, J. M. Vinardell and J. E. Thomas-Oates
1. Summary
2. Soybean Cultivation in China: Historical Aspects and Current Situation
3. Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria that Nodulate Soybean
4. The Soybean Germplasm Collection in China
5. Soybean in Crop Rotation and in Continuous Culture
6. Conclusions
References 6: Soil Stress Factors Influencing Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation; M. J. Sadowsky
1. Introduction
2. Importance of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation
3. Symbiotic Interaction of Legumes with Rhizobia
4. Nodulation and Nitrogen-Fixation Genetics in the Rhizobia and Bradyrhizobia
5. Rhizobia in the Soil Environment
6. Stress Factors in the Soil Environment that Influence N2 Fixation
7. Concluding Remarks
References 7: Nodulated Legume Trees; J. I. Sprent
1. Introduction
2. Leguminosae
3. Rhizobia that Nodulate Legume Trees
4. Types of Nodules formed on Trees
5. Mycorrhizas and Other Nutrient-Acquisition Systems
6. Measurement of Nitrogen Fixation by Trees
7. Role of Legume Trees in Natural and Managed Systems
References 8. Nitrogen Fixing Trees with Actinorhiza in Forestry and Agroforestry; R. O. Russo
1. Introduction
2. General Characteristics of the Actinorhizal Symbiosis
3. Host Botanical Families
4. Nitrogen Fixation in Actinorhizal Trees
5. Mycorrhizal Associations with Actinorhizal Trees
6. Actinorhizal Trees in Agroforestry
7. The Genus Casaurina
8. The Experience of the Central America Fuelwood Project
9. The Case of Alnus acuminata in Tropical Highlands
10. Other Uses of Actinorhizal Trees
11. Concluding Considerations
References 9: Molecular Ecology of N2-fixing Microbes Associated with Gramineous Plants: Hidden Activities of Unknown Bacteria; T. Hurek and B. Reinhold-Hurek
EAN: 9781402035425
ISBN: 140203542X
Untertitel: 2005. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2005
Seitenanzahl: 372 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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