Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

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September 2001



Regional seismograms are dominated by the phases Pn, Pg, Sn, and Lg. More often Sn and Lg are used to infer the attenuation structure of the lithosphere. The seismic phase Sn is a high-frequency shear-wave (typically from 1 to 4 Hz and occasionally higher) that travels in the lithospheric mantle above the negative velocity gradient which usually marks the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Sn has been reported out to distances of 35° (e. g. , MOLNAR and OLIVER, 1969; HUESTIS et aI. , 1973). Sn arrives as a high-frequency wave train lasting tens of seconds and up to 1 to 2 minutes. Sn velocities are typically 4. 7 km/s in stable continental and oceanic lithosphere (HUESTIS et al. , 1973) and as low as 4. 3 km/s (KADINSKY-CADE et al. , 1981) in more tectonically active regions. Lg is a complex short period guided wave consisting of high-frequency P and S energy which travels primarily in the earth's crust at frequencies typically between 0. 5 and 5 Hz. It has been modeled as higher-mode Love and Rayleigh waves as well as a sequence of multiply reflected post-critical S waves trapped in a crustal guide (BOUCHON, 1982; KENNETT, 1986; BOSTOCK and KENNETT, 1990). Lg has been observed not to propagate in oceanic or very thin continental crust (PRESS and EWING, 1952; SEARLE, 1975; ZHANG and LAY, 1995).


Preface: Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
Tomographic Imaging of Lg and Sn Propagation in the Middle East.
Mapping Crustal Heterogeneity Using Lg Propagation Efficiency Throughout the Middle East, Mediterranean, Southern Europe and Northern Africa.
Application of Regional Phase Amplitude Tomography to Seismic Verification.
Sedimentary Basins and the Blockage of Lg Wave Propagation in the Continents.
A Hybrid BE-GS Method for Modeling Regional Wave Propagation.
Calibration of Regional SIP Amplitude-ratio Discriminants.
Calibration of the Regional Crustal Waveguide and the Retrieval of Source Parameters Using Waveform Modeling.
EAN: 9783764365509
ISBN: 3764365501
Untertitel: Regional Wave Propagation and Crustal Structure. 2001. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Birkhäuser
Erscheinungsdatum: September 2001
Seitenanzahl: 232 Seiten
Format: kartoniert
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