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Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory

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März 2008

Beschreibung

Beschreibung

This timely book provides an overview of the anatomical, chemical, and developmental features contributing to plant defense, with an emphasis on plant responses that are induced by wounding or herbivore attack. The book first introduces general concepts of direct and indirect defenses, followed by a focused review of the different resistance traits. Finally, signal perception and transduction mechanism for the activation of plant defense responses are discussed. Flowering plants dominate much of the Earth's surface and yet, as sessile organisms, they must constantly resist attack by numerous voracious herbivores. Survival in the face of an abundance of insect predators relies on sophisticated resistance systems allowing plants to escape from herbivory in time or in space, to confront herbivores directly, or to fight them indirectly by remarkable collaborations with other species. Until recently, plant resistance was believed to be constitutive, i.e. ever-present and independent from herbivore attack. However, plants were discovered to respond actively to herbivory through the mobilization of specific defenses, and this discovery opened an exciting new field of research. This book provides a thorough overview of the anatomical, chemical, and developmental features contributing to plant defense, with particular emphasis on plant responses that are induced by wounding or herbivore attack. Written by leading experts, the book first introduces the general concepts of direct and [..]

Inhaltsverzeichnis

In Memoriam; Contents; Contributors; Introduction; Section I. Basic concepts of plant defense against insect herbivores:1. Direct defenses in plants and their induction by wounding and insect herbivores; Gregg A. Howe and Andreas Schaller .- 2. Herbivore-induced indirect defense: from induction mechanisms to community ecology; Maaike Bruinsma and Marcel Dicke.- 3. Induced defenses and the cost-benefit paradigm; Anke Steppuhn and Ian T. Baldwin .- Section II. Induced direct defenses:A: Anatomical defenses: 4. Leaf trichome formation and plant resistance to herbivory; Peter Dalin, Jon Ågren, Christer Björkman, Piritta Huttunen, and Katri Kärkkäinen .- 5. Resistance at the plant cuticle; Caroline Müller .- 6. Wound-periderm formation; Idit Ginzberg.- 7. Traumatic resin ducts and polyphenolic parenchyma cells in conifers; Paal Krokene, Nina Elisabeth Nagy, and Trygve Krekling.- B: Production of secondary metabolites: 8. Insect-induced terpenoid defenses in spruce; Jörg Bohlmann.- 9. Phenylpropanoid metabolism induced by wounding and insect herbivory; Mark A. Bernards and Lars Båstrup-Spohr.- 10. Defense by pyrrolizidine alkaloids: developed by plants and recruited by insects; Thomas Hartmann and Dietrich Ober.- C: Anti-nutritional enzymes and proteins: 11. Plant protease inhibitors: Functional evolution for defense; Maarten A. Jongsma and Jules Beekwilder.- 12. Defensive roles of polyphenol oxidase in plants; C. Peter Constabel and Raymond Barbehenn.- 13. Action of plant defensive enzymes in the insect midgut; Hui Chen, Eliana Gonzales-Vigil, and Gregg A. Howe.- 14. Plant lectins as part of the plant defense system against insects; Els J.M. Van Damme.- Section III. Defense signaling; A: Activation of plant defenses: 15. Systemins and AtPeps: Defense-related peptide signals; Javier Narváez-Vásquez and Martha L. Orozco-Cárdenas.- 16. MAP kinases in plant responses to herbivory; Johannes Stratmann.- 17. Jasmonate biosynthesis and signaling for induced plantdefense against herbivory; Andreas Schaller and Annick Stintzi.- B: Signals between plants and insects: 18. Caterpillar secretions and induced plant responses; Gary W. Felton.- 19. Fatty acid-derived signals that induce or regulate plant defenses against herbivory: James H. Tumlinson and Juergen Engelberth.- 20. Aromatic volatiles and their involvement in plant defense; Anthony V. Qualley and Natalia Dudareva.- 21. Ecological roles of vegetative terpene volatiles; Jörg Degenhardt.- Subject Index.- Taxonomic Index.- Abbreviations

Pressestimmen

From the reviews:
"'Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory' edited by Andreas Schaller contains three major sections comprising a total of 21 chapters. ... A broader and more complete overview of induced plant defences against herbivores would have made the book more interesting for a broader reader-ship. ... every chapter gives a detailed insight into a fascinating topic and is certainly worth to read for those who are working in the area and are in search for a rapid update on their own or a closely related research topic." (Martin Heil, Basic and Applied Ecology, Vol. 10, 2009)
EAN: 9781402081811
ISBN: 1402081812
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Erscheinungsdatum: März 2008
Seitenanzahl: XV
Format: gebunden
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