Health of Antarctic Wildlife

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August 2009



comprehensively up to date. We are most grateful to these authors and to those we recruited to write the additional chapters necessary to fill the significant gaps. We acknowledge also the sacrifice of some who presented results of original research and have thus suffered a longer time than usual to publication. The timing of publication however has provided the opportunity to highlight recent discussions and resolutions made within the Antarctic Treaty forum to protect wildlife against disease and to include responses by Government and non-Government operators in Antarctica. These developments mostly followed from the Workshop on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife. The book comprises 17 chapters presented in two parts. Wildlife disease consists of reviews, case studies and health assessments, and External factors covers the environmental, administrative and legal aspects. Each chapter is complete and c- tains all references. Six important documents are provided as Appendices. These present methods, reviews and other documents which are referred to in one or more chapters but are not readily available. There are many related topics we have been unable to cover that would enhance the understanding of health and disease processes in Antarctica. While we ackno- edge their importance they are outside the scope of the present volume. Such topics include epidemiology, new and emerging infectious diseases and the effects of climate change. These topics are referred to in the various chapters where ref- ences to source material are given.


Health of Antarctic wildlife: an introduction
Kerry KR, Riddle MJ
Part 1. Wildlife disease - reviews, case studies and health assessments
1. Risk of marine mammal die-offs in the Southern Ocean
Geraci JR, Lounsbury VJ

2. Diseases of Antarctic seabirds.
Woods R, Jones HI, Miller GD, Shellam GR

3. Diseases and parasites of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic seals.
McFarlane RA, Norman RJ de B, Jones HI

4. Infectious bursal disease virus and Antarctic birds.
Watts J.M, Miller GD, Shellam GR

5. An unusual mortality event among Adélie penguins in the vicinity of Mawson Station Antarctica.
Kerry KR, Irvine L, Beggs A, Watts J

6. Investigation of the 1998 mass mortality event in New Zealand Sea Lions.
Roe W

7. Health assessment of Weddell seals Leptonochotes weddelli in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.
Yochem PK, Stewart BS, Gelatt TS, Siniff DB

8. Health assessment and diseases of the Weddell seal, Leptonochotes weddelli, Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica.
McFarlane RA

9. Health assessment of the leopard seal, Hydruga leptonynx, in Prydz Bay, Eastern Antarctica and New South Wales, Australia.
Gray RB, Rogers TL, Canfield PJ

Part 2. External factors - environmental, administrative and legal

10. Antarctic climate, weather and the health of Antarctic wildlife.
Pook M

11. National Antarctic Programs and their impact on the environment.
Jabour J

12. Antarctic tourism: an operator's perspective.
Mortimer G, Prior E

13. Human mediated impacts on the health of Antarctic wildlife.
Riddle MJ

14. Measuring stress in Antarctic seals.
Hogg CJ, Rogers TL

15. Sewage disposal and wildlife health in Antarctica.
Smith JJ, Riddle MJ

16. Theinternational and legal framework for protecting the health of Antarctica wildlife.
Rothwell D

17. The Antarctic Treaty System and wildlife health: awareness, prevention and response.
Riddle MJ
Appendix 1. Protocols for collection of samples for pathological analysis in the event of disease being suspected among monitored species of birds (standard methods, Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources)

Appendix 2. Protocols for collecting samples for toxicological analyses (standard methods, Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources)

Appendix 3. Recommendations arising from the Workshop on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife, held in Hobart, Australia, on 25-28 August 1998.

Appendix 4. Report on the Open-ended Intersessional Contact Group on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife Report 1 - Review and risk assessment (a report to the Committee for Environmental Protection, Antarctic Treaty)
Appendix 5. Report on the Open-ended Intersessional Contact Group on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife Report 2 - Practical measures to diminish risk (draft) (a report to the Committee for Environmental Protection, Antarctic Treaty)
Appendix 6. Unusual animal mortality response plan (produced by Australian Antarctic Division)


From the reviews:
"The present one is to be greatly welcomed as fills an important gap in the knowledge of Antarctica. Health of Antarctic Wildlife is a volume with a wide scope ... discusses this topic in the context of the complex policy and administration systems for the Antarctic continent. ... The book will be very useful for all those interested in the environmental protection of Antarctica and specifically of its fauna. It provides a good starting point for researchers, managers or policy-makers involved in Antarctic work." (Andres Barbosa, Antarctic Science, Vol. 22 (3), 2010)
"This book and its many contributors-28 in all-provide an up-to-date overview of the health of Antarctic birds and seals. For any practising biologist, ecologist or veterinarian interested in Antarctic biology this book is immensely valuable, not only because it brings together information from a wide range of fields and expertise, but ... it describes exactly how suspicious die-offs should be treated to minimize the potential spread of disease, and to reduce the risk to the human researchers most likely to discover such events." (Clive R. McMahon, Polar Research, Vol. 29 (3), 2010)
"This book provides a useful and interesting introduction to the health and related issues of Antarctica's seabirds and seals. ... This volume set out to provide an up-to-date overview for a broad audience. ... this book does not disappoint and offers a comprehensive primer and source of reference for both scientists and policy advisers ... . It brings together a comprehensive set of contributions and an important bibliography that I for one, will consult well into the future." (P. Tratham, The Journal of Polar Record, Vol. 47, 2011)
"'To provide information in a consolidated form to the Antarctic Treaty Parties who, through domestic legislation and regulation, are responsible for implementing the environmental protection regime in Antarctica. Further the book is intended for use by veterinary and biological scientists, policy makers and administrators whose job it is to protect the health of Antarctica's wildlife.' ... a highly welcome solid base for further investigation and for further developments in policy. ... it is clearly addressed to professional readers and institutional libraries."­­­ (Horst Bornemann, Polar Biology, Vol. 34, 2011)
EAN: 9783540939221
ISBN: 3540939229
Untertitel: A Challenge for Science and Policy. Auflage 2009. 23 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, 12 schwarz-weiße Fotos, 11 schwarz-weiße Zeichnungen, 41 schwarz-weiße. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Erscheinungsdatum: August 2009
Seitenanzahl: XVIII
Format: gebunden
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