Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability
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BeschreibungUnderstand the fundamental science behind the range of energy options currently open to us and their relationship to the environment.
InhaltsverzeichnisList of contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; Part I. Energy and the Environment: The Global Landscape: 1. A primer on climate change; 2. The global energy landscape and energy security; 3. Sustainability and energy conversions; 4. Energy cost of materials: materials for thin-film photovoltaics as an example; 5. Economics of materials; 6. Global energy flows; 7. Global materials flows; 8. Carbon dioxide capture and sequestration; Part II. Nonrenewable Energy Sources: 9. Petroleum and natural gas; 10. Advancing coal conversion technologies: materials challenges; 11. Oil shale and tar sands; 12. Unconventional energy sources: gas hydrates; 13. Nuclear energy: current and future schemes; 14. Nuclear non-proliferation; 15. Nuclear-waste management and disposal; 16. Material requirements for controlled nuclear fusion; Part III. Renewable Energy Sources: 17. Solar energy overview; 18. Direct solar energy conversion with photovoltaic devices; 19. Future concepts for photovoltaic energy conversion; 20. Concentrating and multijunction photovoltaics; 21. Concentrating solar thermal power; 22. Solar-thermoelectrics: direct solar thermal energy conversion; 23. Off-grid solar in the developing world; 24. Principles of photosynthesis; 25. Biofuels and biomaterials from microbes; 26. Biofuels from cellulosic biomass via aqueous processing; 27. Artificial photosynthesis for solar energy conversion; 28. Engineering natural photosynthesis; 29. Geothermal and ocean energy; 30. Wind energy; Part IV. Transportation: 31. Transportation: motor vehicles; 32. Transportation: aviation; 33. Transportation: shipping; 34. Transportation: fully autonomous vehicles; Part V. Energy Efficiency: 35. Lighting; 36. Energy efficient buildings; 37. Insulation science; 38. Industrial energy efficiency: a case study; 39. Green processing: catalysis; 40. Materials availability and recycling; 41. Life-cycle assessment; Part VI. Energy Storage, High-Penetration Renewables and Grid Stabilization: 42. Toward the smart grid: the US as a case study; 43. Consequences of high-penetration renewables; 44. Electrochemical energy storage: batteries and capacitors; 45. Mechanical energy storage: pumped hydro, CAES, flywheels; 46. Fuel cells; 47. Solar fuels; 48. Solar thermal routes to fuel; 49. Photoelectrochemistry and hybrid solar conversion; Summary; Appendix A. Thermodynamics; Appendix B. Electrochemistry; Appendix C. Units; Index.
PortraitDavid S. Ginley is a Research Fellow and Group Manager in the Process Technology Group, National Center for Photovoltaics at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). He received his BS in Mineral Engineering Chemistry from the Colorado School of Mines and his Ph.D. in Inorganic Chemistry from MIT. He is also Past President of the Materials Research Society (MRS). His principal areas of interest are in the application of organic/polymer materials, transition metal oxides and hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor-based nanomaterials to energy conversion and energy efficiency in the areas of photovoltaics, batteries, fuel cells and OLEDs. He has over 400 publications and 30 patents. David Cahen is a Professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science. He received his B.Sc. in Chemistry and Physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI) and his Ph.D. in Materials Research and Physical Chemistry from Northwestern University. He then joined the Weizmann Institute in 1976, where he started work on solar cells. Today, his research focuses on alternative, especially solar, energy sources, aiming to understand electronic transport across (bio)molecules, exploring how molecules can control such transport and looking for novel science in such systems and for possible relevance to solar cells.
Pressestimmen"devotes more attention to the assessment of the many fundamental basic materials challenges that still exist...This text does an excellent job mapping out the many pathways that are currently under exploration." - SCIENCE, March 2012
Untertitel: 450 colour illus. 80 tables. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Cambridge University Press
Erscheinungsdatum: November 2011
Seitenanzahl: 772 Seiten