BeschreibungThis volume contains the Proceedings of the Special Seminar on: FRAGTALS held from October 9-15, 1988 at the Ettore Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture, Erice (Trapani), Italy. The concepts of self-similarity and scale invariance have arisen independently in several areas. One is the study of critical properites of phase transitions; another is fractal geometry, which involves the concept of (non-integer) fractal dimension. These two areas have now come together, and their methods have extended to various fields of physics. The purpose of this Seminar was to provide an overview of the recent developments in the field. Most of the contributions are theoretical, but some experimental work is also included. Du:cing the past few years two tendencies have emerged in this field: one is to realize that many phenomena can be naturally modelled by fractal structures. So one can use this concept to define simple modele and study their physical properties. The second point of view is more microscopic and tries to answer the question: why nature gives rise to fractal structures. This implies the formulation of fractal growth modele based on physical concepts and their theoretical understanding in the same sense as the Renormalization Group method has allowed to understand the critical properties of phase transitions.
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Proceedings of the Special Seminar on Fractals, held October 1988, in Erice, Italy. Most of the contributions are theoretical, but some experimental work is also included. They discuss multifractals and turbulence, fractal properties of critical fluctuations and polymers, general features of fractal growth models, the application of those models to physical phenomena, diffusion and vibrations on fractals, diffusion fronts and invasion percolation, random surfaces, and large scale distribution of matter in the universe.
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Untertitel: 1989. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Erscheinungsdatum: Juni 1990
Seitenanzahl: 382 Seiten