Cognitive Limitations in Aging and Psychopathology
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BeschreibungExamining the major progress made in recent psychological science in understanding the cognitive control of thought, emotion, and behavior, this book reveals what happens when that control is diminished as a result of aging, depression, developmental disabilities, or psychopathology. Each chapter reports the most recent research by a leading researcher on the international stage. Topics include the effects on thought, emotion, and behavior by limitations in working memory, cognitive control, attention, inhibition, and reasoning processes. The explicit objective of the volume is to facilitate inter-disciplinary research and training.
InhaltsverzeichnisPreface; Acknowledgments; 1. Cognitive limitations in aging and psychopathology: an introduction and a brief tutorial to research methods Randall W. Engle, Grzegorz Sedek, Ulrich von Hecker and Daniel N. McIntosh; Part I. Working Memory and Cognitive Functions: 2. Working memory capacity in hot and cold cognition Nash Unsworth, Richard P. Heitz and Randall W. Engle; 3. Age differences and Individual differences in cognitive functions Klaus Oberauer; 4. Stress and working memory: between-person and within-person relationships Martin Sliwinski, Joshua Smyth, Robert S. Stawski and Christina Wasylyshyn; Part II. Aging and Psychopathology of Cognitive Control: 5. The aging of cognitive control: studies of conflict processing, goal neglect, and error monitoring Robert West and Ritvij Bowry; 6. Cognitive control and schizophrenia: psychological and neural mechanisms Deanna M. Barch and Todd S. Braver; 7. Aging and varieties of cognitive control: a review of meta-analyses on Resistance to interference, coordination, and task switching, and an experimental exploration of age-sensitivity in the newly identified process of focus switching Paul Verhaeghen, John Cerella, Kara L. Bopp and Chandramallika Basak; 8. An ecological approach to studying aging and dual-task performance Karen Z. H. Li, Ralf Th. Krampe and Albina Bondar; 9. Cognitive performance after preexposure to uncontrollability and in a depressive state: going with a simpler 'plan B' Daniel N. McIntosh, Grzegorz Sedek, Susan Fojas, Aneta Brzezicka-Rotkiewicz and Miroslaw Kofta; Part III. Attention, Inhibition, and Reasoning Processes: 10. The nature of attentional bias in human anxiety Elaine Fox and George A. Georgiou; 11. Inhibition, rumination, and mood regulation in depression Jutta Joormann; 12. Aging and inhibitory processes in memory, attentional and motor tasks Elizabeth A. Maylor, Friederike Schlaghecken and Derrick G. Watson; 13. Impairments of memory and reasoning in patients with neuropsychiatric illness: disruptions of dynamic cognitive binding James A. Waltz; 14. Generative reasoning as influenced by depression, aging, stereotype threat and prejudice Ulrich von Hecker, Grzegorz Sedek, Kinga Piber-Dabrowska and Sylwia Bedynska.
PortraitRandall W. Engle is Professor and Chairperson in the School of Psychology at Georgia Institute of Technology. He received his MA and Ph.D. from Ohio State University. His research over the last 20 years has evolved from those regarding the nature of individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) to the role of WMC in higher order cognition. Grzegorz Sedek is Director of the Institute of Social Psychology at Warsaw School of Social Psychology in Poland. He received his MA and Ph.D. from the University of Warsaw in Poland. His main areas of research involve cognitive limitations in depression, aging, after uncontrollability pre-exposure, and dual process models in social cognition. Ulrich von Hecker is Lecturer at the School of Psychology at Cardiff University. His current research involves social cognition, cognitive limitations in depression, and the nature and the dynamic character of emotion. He has written many articles and has published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology, European Journal of Social Psychology, and Social Cognition. Daniel N. McIntosh is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Denver. His research focuses on emotions and coping using survey, laboratory, and psychophysiological methods. In particular, he investigates the role of religion in coping, stress and coping in low control contexts, and cognitive deficits emerging from situations of uncontrollabililty and depression.
Pressestimmen' ... the editors have assembled a strong cast of researchers to discuss the nature and causes of cognitive impairment in psychiatric disease and normal aging ... the writer is clear and informative and this book should prove useful to any psychologist interested in aging or psychopathology.' Journal of Psychological Medicine
Untertitel: Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Erscheinungsdatum: Oktober 2005
Seitenanzahl: 435 Seiten