Biogeochemistry of Forested Catchments in a Changing Environment

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Juli 2004



Forest ecosystems represent a major type ofland use in Germanyand in Europe. They provide a number of functions, or ecosystem services, beneficial to humans, namely biomass production, regulation of the water- and energy cyde, C and N sequestration, erosion control, recreation, and they act as habitat for numerous species. The stability of forest ecosystems in Europe as influenced by the deposition of air pollutants has been a matter of debate for more than 20 years. Besides atmospheric deposition, other environmental conditions affecting forest ecosystems, such as temperature, CO content of the atmosphere 2 and precipitation, have significantly changed in the past and continue to change in the future. Quantifying and predicting the effects of these changes on ecosys­ tem functioning are achallenge to ecosystem research and also a requirement to establish sustainable use of forest ecosystems in the future. This book summarizes results of long-term, interdisciplinary ecosystem research conducted in two forested catchments and coordinated at the Bayreuth Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystem Research (BITÖK), University of Bayreuth, Germany. It does not aim to summarize all the research of BITÖ K in the past decade, which would go far beyond the studies in these two catch­ ments. Instead, we concentrate here on the long-term developments in the biogeochemistry of carbon and mineral elements and on the water cyde, at both the plot and the catchment scale.


Part I Introduction

1 Biogeochemistry of forested catchments in a changing environment: Introduction
Egbert Matzner

2 The Lehstenbach and Steinkreuz catchments in NE Bavaria, Germany
Pedro Gerstberger, Thomas Foken, Karsten Kalbitz

Part II The changing environment

3 Trace gases and particles in the atmospheric boundary layer at the Waldstein site: Present state and historic trends
Otto Klemm

4 Climate change in the Lehstenbach region
Thomas Foken

Part III Vegetation response

5 Atmospheric and structural controls on carbon and water relations in mixed-forest stands of beech and oak
Barbara Köstner, Markus Schmidt, Eva Falge, Stefan Fleck, John D. Tenhunen

6 Impacts of canopy internal gradients on carbon and water exchange of beech and oak trees
Stefan Fleck, Markus Schmidt, Barbara Köstner, Wolfgang Faltin, John D. Tenhunen

7 Soil CO2 fluxes in spruce forests - Temporal and spatial variation, and environmental controls
Jens-Arne Subke, Nina Buchmann, John D. Tenhunen

8 Carbon budget of a spruce forest ecosystem
Corinna Rebmann, Peter Anthoni, Eva Falge, Mathias Göckede, Alexander Mangold, Jens-Arne Subke, Christoph Thomas, Bodo Wichura, Ernst-Detlef Schulze, John Tenhunen, Thomas Foken

9 Structure of carbon dioxide exchange processes above a spruce forest
Bodo Wichura, Johannes Ruppert, Antony C. Delany, Nina Buchmann, Thomas Foken

10 Modeling the vegetation atmospheric exchange with a transilient model
Martina Berger, Ralph Dlugi, Thomas Foken

11 Fog deposition and its role in biogeochemical cycles of nutrients and pollutants
Thomas Wrzesinsky, Clemens Scheer, Otto Klemm

12 Turbulent deposition of ozone to a mountainous forest ecosystem
OttoKlemm, Alexander Mangold, Andreas Held

13 The emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) and their relevance to atmospheric particle dynamics
Rainer Steinbrecher, Bernhard Rappenglück, Armin Hansel, Martin Graus, Otto Klemm, Andreas Held, Alfred Wiedensohler, Andreas Nowak

14 Trends in deposition and canopy leaching of mineral elements as indicated by bulk deposition and throughfall measurements
Egbert Matzner, Tobias Zuber, Christine Alewell, Gunnar Lischeid, Klaus Moritz

15 Phyllosphere ecology in a changing environment: the role of insects in forest ecosystems
Bernhard Stadler, Beate Michalzik

16 Element fluxes with litterfall in mature stands of Norway spruce and European beech in Bavaria, south Germany
Björn Berg, Pedro Gerstberger

17 The role of woody roots in water uptake of mature spruce, beech, and oak trees
Julia Lindenmair, Egbert Matzner, Reiner Zimmermann

18 Radial growth of Norway spruce [Picea abies Karst. (L.)] at the Coulissenhieb site in relation to environmental conditions and comparison with sites in the Fichtelgebirge and Erzgebirge
Christoph Dittmar, Wolfram Elling

Part IV Soil response

19 Environmental controls on concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic matter in the forest floor and in soil solution
Karsten Kalbitz, Tobias Zuber, Ji-Hyung Park, Egbert Matzner

20 Response of soil solution chemistry and solute fluxes to changing deposition rates
Egbert Matzner, Tobias Zuber, Gunnar Lischeid

21 Sequestration rates for C and N in soil organic matter at four N-polluted temperate forest stands
Björn Berg

22 Riparian zones in a forested catchment: hot spots for microbial reductive processes
Kirsten Küsel, Christine Alewell

Part V Catchment response

23 Dynamics



From the reviews:"This volume is an important contribution to the literature with particular respect to the effects of  acidic deposition effects in Central Europe. ... The strengths of the volume include the combination of approaches on the same sites including monitoring (at both catchment and plot scales), experiments, and modeling for evaluating biogeochemical processes. ... Investigators involved with research on forested ecosystems and catchments in Central Europe will undoubtedly benefit by having this volume. Investigators throughout the world will also find this compendium particularly useful with respect to acidification effects and recovery." (Journal of Plant Nutrition)"This book presents the results obtained during ten years of research on the biochemistry of small forest catchment areas ... . The Editor is a soil science specialist, renowned for his word on soil acidification and forest decline. ... It is an interesting source of information about the ecosystems considered." (Etienne Dambrine, Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 62 (5), 2005)"This edited volume describes a series of investigations undertaken by the Bayreuth Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology (BITÖK) in Germany. ... The general focus is on ecosystem biogeochemistry ... . This volume is an important contribution to the literature ... . The strengths of the volume include the combination of approaches ... . Investigators involved with research on forested ecosystems and catchments in Central Europe will undoubtedly benefit by having this volume. Investigators throughout the world will also find this compendium particularly useful with respect to acidification effects and recovery." (Myron J. Mitchell, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Vol. 168 (1), 2005)"The framework conditions, problems, goals, strategy and methods of the BITÖk project are succinctly and concisely described. ... the book provides an excellent introduction to the intricacies of forest ecosystem functioning and responses to exogenous interference for students and provide an invaluable brush-up of knowledge for forest managers and policy formulators. ... Anti-production-forestry eco-warriors, tree-huggers and dreamy protection ideologists should read this book." (Eberhard F. Bruenig, International Forestry Review, Vol. 7 (3), September, 2005)
EAN: 9783540209737
ISBN: 3540209735
Untertitel: A German Case Study. 'Ecological Studies'. 2004. Auflage. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
Verlag: Springer
Erscheinungsdatum: Juli 2004
Seitenanzahl: 524 Seiten
Format: gebunden
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